Preparations for war in Britain

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  • Preparations for War in Britain.
    • 1939 -Britain in a better place to fight in than 1938.
    • Air Raid Wardens
      • September 1939 - 1.5 million people in Air Raid Precations (ARP).
      • Women's roles as air raid wardens:
        • to work from home.
        • to register people in their sector.
        • to enforce 'Blackouts'
        • to sound sirens during an air attack.
        • to help people to communal shelters.
        • to carry out first aid.
      • most wardens were volunteers.
    • Air Raid Shelters
      • Government supplied all citizens with one.
      • Anderson Shelters
        • People were instructed to dig a hole in their garden and cover their shelter with soil.
        • Designed to prevent people from falling brickwork.
        • They were not popular because it meant sleeping outside.
      • Morrison Shelter
        • Given out in 1941.
        • Steel cages which fitted underneath a dining room table.
        • Useful for families that didn't have a garden.
      • Government didn't allow the use of underground stations at first
        • allowed because early attacks were so severe.
      • Popular because families could socialise with others.
    • Radar, Barrage Balloons & Anti-aircraft guns.
      • Radar stations made it possible to track German planes.
        • Sector stations that would act as a nerve centre collecting information from the Radars.
      • Barrage balloons forced enemy aircraft's to fly at higher altitudes.
        • made bombing less accurate.
        • proved to be invaluable during the Blitz.
      • Anti-aircraft guns were capable of rapid high-rate fire.
        • 120 rounds per minute.
    • Conscription
      • Introduced in April 1939.
      • the Military Training Act -Compulsory for single men aged 20-22 to join the armed forces.
      • September 1939 - Armed forces made it compulsory for men aged 18-41 to join the armed forces.
      • 1938 - Schedule of Reserved Occupations'
        • It gave exemption from conscription to skilled workers in certain jobs.


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