Pre Production Skills

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  • Pre Production Skills
    • Scripts
      • A document that outlines every speaking, visual, behavioural, and lingual element to tell a story
      • Interpreted by many different professions
        • Cast
        • Editors
        • Production team
    • Storyboard
      • A graphical representation of how you want your media to unfold, shot by shot
      • Made up of pictures representing each shot with notes about what is going on in each scene
      • Cheap and effective way of sharing design vision
      • Speed up and simplify production process as it gives you a clear sequence and idea of each scene
      • Content
        • Images
        • Camera angles
        • Lighting
        • Sound effects
        • Background music
        • Motion arrows
        • Dialogue
        • Scene timings
      • Products
        • Films/movies
        • Documentaries
        • Animations
        • Cartoons
        • Websites
        • Presentations
    • Shot Types
      • Low angles
        • Creates the feeling that the viewer is small and vulnerable and the character is powerful
      • Extreme wide angle
        • Shows where action takes place and sets the scene
      • Two-shot
        • Used for conversations between equals where both characters are equally important
      • Wide angle
        • Puts one character in context in their surroundings
        • Shows the whole person
      • Over the shoulder
        • Used for conversation where one person's speech is more important
      • Extreme close up
        • Focuses on a single feature of a person for effect or to draw attention to it
      • Medium close up
        • Concentrates attention on a single character
      • Close up
        • Focuses in on what one person has to say or shows reaction in facial expression
    • Visualisation Diagrams
      • Shows what something might look like in a visual way
        • Such as poster designs and CD/DVD covers
      • Can also show the layout of something
        • Web pages
        • Multimedia Display
        • Game scene
        • Character model
        • Comic book layout
    • Mind Maps
      • Show developed routes/options
      • Shows what resources might be needed
      • Uses
        • Used as a workflow diagram
        • Can trigger ideas
      • Can have one word or sentence on a branch
    • Mood boards
      • A collage of objects (images, colours, text, screenshots, patterns) which try to capture a feeling/theme/design
      • Mainly used in interior design and advertising
      • Why we use mood boards
        • Central focus of ideas in one place
        • Brings together lots of different options
        • Inspire and generate more ideas
        • A starting point
        • Easy to show to client to demonstrate ideas
        • Makes sure everyone in design team share the same vision

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