Positivism and Quantitative Research / Interpretivist and Qualitative Reserach

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  • Positivism and quantitative research / interpretivist and qualtitative research
    • Positivists
      • Is hypothetico meaning hypothesis which can be defined as "a predicted answer to a research question"
      • Deductive that the hypothesis is drawn from a broader framework of observation, maybe from an existing theory
      • Surveys
        • Aims
          • To uncover straightforward factual information about a particular group of people
          • To uncover differences in beliefs, values and behavior between people but only when these are easily and clearly measured
          • To test a hypothesis
        • They cannot uncover complex views
        • Longitudinal
        • Snapshot such as opinion polls
        • Random sampling
          • Cluster and systemmatic
            • Systematic people skip some who they don't want to ask questions out of fear when they are meant to ask every nth person
      • Studies
        • Farrington and West Longitudinal Survey on 40 working class boys until they were 30, 1 in 5 had been cautioned or arrested
        • Durkhiem looking at suicide
      • Experiments
        • Variables, dependent and independent
        • Hawthorn or experimenter effect - people being watched stopped in covert
    • Interpretivists
      • Studies
        • Cohen and Nitinggale both did overt studies in America
        • Bourgis studied crack houses and users families
          • Goes back to visit the primary gatekeeper his relationship could have influenced the results
            • In New York
      • Focus groups
        • Advantages
          • Allows researcher to understand why people hold certain views
          • Focus groups are dynamic, people defend their own views
          • People piriotise their problems
          • Peoples views can change
        • Disadvantages
          • Researcher has limited control, conversation can become irrelevant
          • Louder people dominate discussion
      • Participant observation
        • Advantagses
          • Generating new ideas
          • Reaching into difficult areas
          • Experience
        • Disadvantages
          • Ethics - how far do they get involved
          • Bias - personal bias get in the way
          • Studying the powerless
      • Social Action/symbolic interactionist theory by Mead
      • Versten by Weber, see from their eyes
      • Bryman
        • Hypothesises can led to people changing the reults


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