Positive Impacts of Tourism

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  • Positive Impacts of Tourism
    • Economic
      • Job Creation
        • Portugal
          • 830,500 jobs (18% of total employment. direct employment for 337,000
        • Oregon, USA
          • 100,000 people employed.
        • Galveston, USA
          • 10,000 jobs. 5.5% unemployment rate (19% without employment)
        • New Mexico
          • 4th Largest employer, more than 85,000 jobs. 8% of total employment
      • Multiplier Effect
        • A measure of the direct and indirect effects relative to direct effects
          • New Mexico
            • For every $1 spent by tourists, $0.42 generated in other industries
      • Investment
        • Scotland
          • VisitScotland national tourism organisation invested into advertising campaigns.
            • Meet The Scots: £1.25million and generated £71million.
        • Portugal
          • £2.5billion foreign investment.
      • Tourist Tax
        • Used to fund further developments
          • Rome: 196 euros, Paris: 92.40 euros. Nice: 100 euros.
          • Galveston, USA
            • Generated $69 MN in state and local tax.
          • New Mexico, USA
            • $565MN state and local tax - saves households $747 annually.
        • Edinburgh
          • £2 on accommodat-ion per night
    • Social
      • Education and Health Programmes
        • Northern Vietnam
          • Shu Tan ‘s Tourism Company called Sapa O’Chau, managed by ethnic minorities
            • Built a boarding house to allow locals to go to school
            • Trains and employs local guides, handicaraft artisans.
            • Allows people to gain qualifications and improve their standard of living.
        • Myrtle Beach, USA
          • Provides millions of tax used to fund education.
          • Every time a tourist shops, eats or stays they are funding education.
          • Provides internships and opportunities for students.
      • Poverty and Fostering Development
        • The Travel Foundation is a charity that works in partnership with the gov. and businesses so that tourism brings greater benefits for all.
          • Taste of Fethiye
            • Connecting small businesses to large hotel chains with aim to prove that fresh produce can be sourced locally.
              • Result: 24% increase in farmer revenue.
          • Involving communities
            • In Croatia, relationships built between Tui hotels and local businesses to improve access to markets.
              • Result: increase footfall and 53% increase in sales.
      • Empowering Women
        • Il N'Gwesi Ranch, Kenya
          • Developed a craft industry making jewellery to sell to tourists.
            • they were given loans to further develop their business and training in finances.
      • Infrastructure
        • Lanzarote
          • Marina built to encourage tourism but locals also benefited from the new facilities.
        • Myrtle Beach, USA
          • Tourism funds through taxes on products, restaurants and accommodation.
            • funded Ride I, II, III from hospitality fees. over $2bn. Key projects are highway maintenance and development.
            • Funed Myrtle Beach 1.2 mile boardwalk to attract more tourists and businesses to the area.
      • Contact between locals and visitors
        • Nepal
          • Visitors grew from 4000 to 460,000, once borders opened in the 1950s.
          • Small groups of tourists are more empathetic than mass tourism.

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