Population Dynamics- mind map

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  • Population Dynamics
    • Migration
      • Refugees- Flee for fear: e.g. War or natural disasters
      • Asylum seeker- someone who pretends to be a refugee. Most AS from Samalia, Afganistan and the middle east. AS are forbidden from working and get no health care
      • Indian and asians came to England. People who mainly cross illegally are from Australia. Migrants get less help and limited earnings and higher taxes
      • Remittances- Money sent home to families from migrants
      • People migrate for: Work, better quality of life, no tax, better education
      • Policies
        • Guest worker- Programmes in which migrants stay for an agreed time
        • Quotas- A limited number allowed in- varies in different countries
        • Skills test
        • e-Borders schemes- Migrants monitored closely
        • Open-door policy- no restrictions
    • Population Problems
      • Population Policies
      • Impact on animals
      • Disease
      • Less space
      • Pollution increase
      • Lack of natural resources
      • Fight for susrival
    • Key Definitions
      • Birth rate- The number of children born per 1000 per year
      • Death rate- The number of people who have died per 1000 per year
      • Natural increase-Birthrate take away death rate
      • Life expectancy- The average age at which people die in a population
      • Infant mortality-The number of children under the age of one who die per 1000 per year
      • Fertility rate-the number of children that women have in their lifetime
    • Population policies
      • Anit-natalist policy: (China)
        • why: Population was growing rapidly. The political leader decided the population was too big.
        • One child policy- 1979. Couples who did not sign up were punished. Forced sterilisation in some places
        • Birth rate continued to fall. China fertility rate of 1.7
      • Pro-natalist policy: Singapore
        • Worried that its only resource is its population so now early marriage and larger families are encouraged
        • Couples with 3 or more children pay lower taxes, have better housing and more education choices

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