Population Change in Rural UK Settlements

How are the populations of rural settlements changing within the UK and what are the consequences of this?

Refers to AQA AS Geography (Chapter 5 - Population Change)

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  • Population Change in Rural Settlements
    • Consequences of decline (REMOTE rural areas)
      • Many left behind are elderly of limited means.
      • Houses bought as second homes 'ghost town' effect much of the year.
      • Sense of isolation
      • Deprivation sets in - many of those left cannot afford to move away and lead restricted lives.
    • Consequences of expansion (ACCESSIBLE rural-urban fringe areas)
      • Creation of several small, new housing estates, that local people can often not afford.
      • Many families have two or more cars - increased traffic congestion.
      • Dormitory villages with little life during the day.
      • Conflicts can occur between established villagers and newcomers. Local people may feel their values are not appreciated.
      • Difficulty maintaining rural identity in an increasingly urban identity.
    • Changes in Services in rural settlements
      • Food shops: Many village stores have closed as supermarkets in small rural towns have lower prices and extended hours BUT farm and garage shops have been created.
      • Post Offices: Many post offices have been closed or downgraded, and much pension business diverted to banks BUT some post offices and banks now offer combined services.
      • Public Transport: Bus deregulation has led to closure of uneconomic routes. Authorities support own bus services but have withdrawn support for cross-council links BUT grants are available for community buses/ taxis
      • Village Schools: Ageing populations have led to falling school rolls and prospect of closure BUT opening more nurseries has increased the total number in schools, and grants supporting small schools are available.
      • Libraries: Local services have been cut BUT the number of mobile libraries has increased.
      • Primary Healthcare: Some GP surgeries had closed and there has been a decline in dental facilities BUT mini-health centres have been set up in larger villages and grants are available for rural practices.
      • Village halls: There is a general decline in village centred activities and funds for youths/ the elderly have been withdrawn BUT grants are available to refurbish them.


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