Population Change

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  • Created by: GBushell
  • Created on: 09-04-14 13:27
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  • Population Change
    • Characteristics of each Stage of Development
      • STAGE 1 - little medicine, low life expectancy, no birth control.
      • STAGE 2 - decrease in death rate, improvements in medicine and hygiene, life expectancy increases, birth rate slightly increases
      • STAGE 3 - death rate decreases, birth rate decreases.
      • STAGE 4 - birth and death rates are both low, low fluctuating stage.
      • STAGE 5 - death rate increases,
    • Sustainable Population
      • sustainable population is one whose growth and development is at a rate that does not threaten the success of future generations
      • stage 4 is the most sustainable
        • stage 5 populations are not sustainble
          • Sustainable Population
            • sustainable population is one whose growth and development is at a rate that does not threaten the success of future generations
            • stage 4 is the most sustainable
              • stage 5 populations are not sustainble
              • standard of living is maintained or improving
        • standard of living is maintained or improving
      • An Ageing Population
        • Problems
          • health and fitness: leads to an increases in degenerative diseases
          • housing: requires more specifically designed homes e.g. house without stairs
          • increasing health care needs: move into sheltered accommodation or nursing homes
          • pensions: living longer = claiming state pensions for longer
          • fewer workers: decrease in working population
        • Impacts
          • the annual cost of caring for people with dementia is expected to double to £47 billion within 20yrs
          • smaller working population = less income tax = national insurance will be paid to the government
        • Strategies to Cope with an Ageing Population
          • building a society for all ages
            • help the UK adapt to its ageing population
          • persuade people to have more babies
            • change the country's population structure, increase the working population
              • ability to pay for pensions
        • Ageing in the \eu
          • birth rates are very low
            • so low that they may decrease even more
              • later motherhood
                • birth rates are very low
                  • so low that they may decrease even more
                    • later motherhood
            • fewer parents
            • fewer children are born
              • fewer parents
            • 1.5 babies were born to each woman but 2.1 are needed for the population to be sustainable
        • Migration - Poland to UK
          • 2008, over 850,000 people had registered to work in the UK
          • 60% came for financial reasons, and because of unemployment in Poland
          • 85% were under 34
          • 31% came for personal and professional development
          • 18% wanted to get away from the political and economic situation in Poland
          • 15% wanted to stay permatly
          • nearly 30% had a degree or similar qualification
          • Push Factors: not enough jobs, low wages, poor educational opportunities, poor healthcare, war with another country, civil war and lawlessness, drought and famine
          • Pull Factors: hope of finding a job, higher wages than at home, better healthcare, chance of a better education, a better standard of living, family and friends have moved there already, lower levels of crime, and safety from conflict
          • Impacts
            • UK
              • provide a hard-working, motivated, workforce
              • fill skills shortages
              • contribute to the local and national economy
              • tend to be young, so they help to balance the UK's ageing population
              • can put a strain on local services, such as schools and housing
            • Poland
              • in 2005/2006 around £4 billion was sent back to Poland from abroad
              • fewer unemployed people have been left looking for jobs in Poland
              • labour shortages have been caused in the service, building and science industries
                • people from other countries, such as the Ukraine and Belarus, have been invited to work in Poland to help fill the shortages
              • people from other countries, such as the Ukraine and Belarus, have been invited to work in Poland to help fill the shortages

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