Population Change

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  • Created by: darcie_cl
  • Created on: 26-02-14 22:26
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  • Population Growth
    • A consequence of both natural change and migration
      • Rapid population increase over the past 200 years
        • Estimates that by 2050 the global population will be 9 billion (6 billion in 1999)
      • Health - medication, birth control, diet, sanitation
      • Education - health, compulsory schooling, females, teritary education and literacy levels
      • Social provision - elderly care, clean water supply, communications availability (radio)
      • Cultural factors - religious attitudes to birth control, status gain from having children, role of women in society, sexual morality
      • Political factors - taxation support services, contraception and healthcare access
      • Environmental factors - natural disaster management
      • No. of babies born per 1000 people per year.
      • Crude birth rate = No. of live births per 1000
      • Fertility = Average no. of babies born per woman (1.6 is below replacement rate)
      • No. of deaths per 1000 people
      • Infant morality rate = No. of children who die before their first birthday per 1000
      • Increase = when birth rate exceeds death rate
      • Change = the difference between birth and death rate in a country
      • Census report - every 10 years
        • Employment, ethnicity, education, patterns of social activity, house type and ownetship
      • Useful to the government; provide a basis for the allocation of resources
        • Useful to non-governmental bodies; retailers, advertisers, financial services, property developers
      • Disadvantages
        • Objections as they infringe privacy
        • Many do not return forms
        • Some people lie on forms


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