Population

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  • Created by: HLeiper
  • Created on: 14-04-14 10:43
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  • Population
    • Exponential Growth
      • a pattern where the growth rate constantly increases
    • Predicted future growth
      • 8.92 million by 2050 and 10.8 billion by 2150
    • DTM
      • Stage 1 - High Fluctuating
        • Rainforest tribes
        • High birth and death rates - low life expectancy and no birth control
        • Stable Population
      • Stage 2 - Early Expanding
        • Birth rates are over death rates - natural increase
        • Improvements of sanitation
        • Population grows
        • Afganistan
      • Stage 3 - Late Expanding
        • Birth rates drop rapidly - female emancipation
        • Death rate continues to decrease but not as fast
        • Population grows but not as much
        • Brazil, India and Kenya
      • Stage 4 - Low Flucuating
        • Low births and death rate
        • Birth rate depends on economic situation
        • UK
      • Stage 5 - Decline
        • Germany
        • Birth Rate is below Death Rate - natural decrease
        • Death rate increased - ageing population
    • Managing Rapid Population Growth
      • Social
        • Services cannot cope - not everybody has access
        • Children miss out on education
        • Not enough houses - over crowding and poor sanitation
        • Food Shortages
      • Political
        • Government focuses on policies to do with young people
        • Fewer older people - do not have to focus on old people
        • Policies to keep population change under control
      • Economic
        • Not enough jobs - unemployment increases
        • Increased poverty - born into poor families
    • Ageing Population
      • Disadvantages
        • Taxes increase - more pensions needed
        • Economy grows more slowly
        • Healthcare services are stretched
        • Unpaid Carers
        • Retirement age later
      • Advantages
        • Less children being born
    • Migration
      • Push factors
        • No jobs
        • Poor Living conditions
        • War and Natural Disasters
      • Pull Factors
        • Opposite to Push Factors
      • Impacts
        • Source Country
          • Reduced demand on services; money sent home
          • Labour shortage; ageing population
        • Receiving country
          • Increase labour force and economic people
          • Compete for jobs; over crowding and social tension

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