population changes

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  • population changes
    • UK  (MEDC)
      • Early
        • prior 1840 death and birth rates high
        • middle 19th century medical revolution took place, death rate began decrease
        • fewer riots and wars due to political stability, less deaths
        • 1875 death rate  had halved to 15 per 1000
      • middle
        • towards 1900 birth rate began decrease, family planning, increasing urbanisation- children not needed for labour and medical improvements
        • by 1920 more people survived to older ages
        • 1920 onwards brith and death continued to fall
      • modern
        • women have undergone radical changes, - higher education
        • less desire for chilldren more desire for material possesion EG cars
        • end of 20th century birth and death rates low
        • low natural increase, just 0.2 percent
    • India (LEDC)
      • early
        • until 1920 India has been stage 1 DMT
        • death rate 46 per 1000
        • children used as economic asset
        • desire for large families
        • desire for large families counteracted the impact of high infant mortality rates
      • middle
        • after 1920 birth rates remaied high, death rates declined steeply
        • development into stage 2 began due to association with brittish colony, improving medicine and sanitation
        • population growth produced a population with over 50% below 15 years old
      • modern
        • since 1985 india has moved to stage 3 families become smaller due to urbanisation of agriculturlal techniques
        • natural increase still high due to Indias large base population natural increase is 1.9 percent
        • curretn population is 987 million and increasing, crude birth- 28 per 1000 a year and crude death is 9 per 1000 per year


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