Population change (2)

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  • Population change: Britain 1700-2000
    • Slower rate of population growth
      • 20th C population growth continued but slower than previous
      • 1939- total population 47.5 million
      • slow rate in growth due to rapid fall in birth rate
      • 1940- birth rate was 14 per 1000
        • apart for the post-war baby boom after WW2
      • Why was there a fall in birth rate?
        • economic benefits for smaller families
        • increased precipitation of women in the workforce
        • greater availability of contraception
        • changing role of women in society
      • population is 57 million
    • Migration
      • international migration influences population growth
      • recent years the importance of migration increased
      • many migrates originate from EU countries
      • migrants are in the younger working age groups
        • likely to contribute towards a higher birth rate in later years
    • Regional variations
      • rural areas have significantly larger proportions of elderly
        • main reason- out migration of younger working age population
        • regions have experienced economic decline and are isolated from the main economic development
      • above average concentration of elderly found in the south coast of England
        • these areas have attracted area have retired groups
        • Factors include: mild climate, a pleasant and scenic environment  and have a availability if facilities
      • Younger age groups in urban areas
        • Midlands, Lancashire and new towns to the west of London
        • close to economic core
        • provide excellent employment opportunities
        • has the usual range of educational and recreational opportunities


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