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  • Population
    • Reasons for population increase.
      • A large number of immigrants arrived in 1651.
      • By the 1600 migrants made up 35% of the population of Norwich.
      • Many more people had jobs, this lead to more children because they had secure lives to look after them.
      • Death rates were much lower than they had been in the previous centuries as less people were dying from the plague
      • fertility rates were extremely high during 1680.
      • The children who had died were replaced within 10 years by the surviving adult population.
    • Impact the increase Around of population had on towns.
      • Around 7% of the English population lived in London. This increased to 9% by 1700
      • At around 1650, London overtook Paris and Naples and became the largest city in western Europe.
      • Historians believe that the growth of London also impacted the rural economy.
        • huge amounts of goods like grain were needed to feed the citizens of London.
    • Impact the increase of population had on Rural areas.
      • Because the Population grew it was easier for farmers to make a profit.
      • Inflation meant that landowners couldn't invest, so they had to sell their land, making wealthy aristocracy and gentry able to invest and improve their lands.
      • As the population began to increase, smaller farms were joined together and enclosed making larger farms.
      • Rural areas had to support the growing population.
      • Transport was improved due to demands of supplies from town markets in places like London.


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