Population

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  • Population
    • ageing population
      • UK
      • By 2021 1/5 population will be over 65
      • solutions
        • encourage migration in the EU
        • Child benefit
        • Increase retirement age
      • Problems
        • High taxes to pay for pensions
        • Elderly depression
        • policies focus more on the elderly
    • Migration
      • In EU Poland- UK
      • Out EU Senegal- Spain/Italy
    • Pro- natalist policy
      • Singapore
      • family=happiness
        • Sponsored events
        • Adverts
        • Family planning advice
        • Increase population by 40% over 40 years
      • "Have 3 or more if you can afford it "
      • reverse anti natalist policy in 1960s
      • Incentives
        • £3000 for 1st and 2nd child. £6000 for 3rd and 4th child
        • Free/cheaper childcare
      • sucesses
        • Encouraged  some births
      • Failures
        • Still not changed completely 6% rise in childless couples
        • 1/4 births aborted
    • Anti- natalist policy
      • China 1969-2015
      • 1 child policy
        • Relaxed in 1990s
          • couples with no siblings can have more than 1 child
          • Rural farming families can have more than one child
          • If one parent/ child is disabled they can have another
        • Encouraged to have 1 child or none- to reduce exponential population  growth
      • Incentives
        • 10% salary increase if only 1 child and choice of schools
        • 10% salary decrease and no choice of schools for more than 1 child
        • reduce population and limit strain on services to stop famine like in 1959-61
        • Fines needed to be paid if more than 1 child had- could bankrupt families
      • Successes
        • Reduced average number of children from 5.7-1.8
        • Prevented 400 million births
      • Failures
        • Gender in balance
          • Males favoured over females
        • Increase in backstreet abortions
        • Did not affect richer families as they could afford fines
    • Trans-migration policy
      • Indonesia
      • 1198 islands 119 inhabitable
      • high population density in Java
        • encouraged to move n other islands to reduce strain on Javav
      • successes
      • incentives
      • Failures
        • Not making it more sustainable
        • Tension/conflict between natives and migrants
        • Untitled

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