Popular recreation

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  • Created by: Clarisse
  • Created on: 20-11-13 18:28
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  • Popular recreation
    • definition
      • Pre industrial sports and pastimes mainly associated with the peasant/lower class. This term could also refer to the most popular pastimes at that time
    • Characteristics
      • Natural/simple
        • Lack of: technology, purpose built facilities and money for the masses
      • Local
        • Limited transport and communications
      • Simple, unwritten rules
        • Illiteracy, no NGBs, only played locally
      • Cruel/Viollent
        • Reflecting the harshness of 18th century rural life
      • Occasional
        • free time for recreation e.g holy days such as shrove tuesday
      • Courtly/popular
        • 2 class society based on feudal system
      • Rural
        • Britain was agricultural and rural
      • Occupational
        • Work often became a basis of sport
      • Wagering
        • a chance to go from 'rags to riches' or show off for the rich
    • Varying opportunities for participation
      • Class
        • The Upper class prodominetly dominated the peasants abd they had all of the opporunity and provision and esteem that was: Money, times and social status
      • Opportunity
      • Provision
      • Esteem
      • Gender
        • Upper class women were free to pursue certain elitist pastimes, such as hawking. Lower class women were free to be physical but in less sophisticated activities eg smock races
    • Case studies
      • Bathing and swimming
        • in the middle ages towns were built at defensive sites and river crossings
          • bathing was for pleasure. rivers were playgrounds, transport and for washing.
        • chivalric code
          • the courteous, gallant and gentlemanly behavior associated with the upper class
      • Athletics
        • folk sports associated wih annual parish feasts and fairs
        • wake
          • social occasion, men to test strength, and prove their speed
        • pedestrianism
          • attracted wagers, a way of enhancing social status, DEERFOOT and CAPTAIN ROBERT BARCLAY ALLIANCE
      • Mob football
        • Had all of the characteristics of popular recreation
          • Simple unwritten rules due to widespread illiteracy and rules passed on by word of mouth and of llocal origin
          • lack of: set rules, set positions, set pitch/boundaries, referee/ or umpire,skillfulness, regularity
        • Courtly
          • frowned upon as it caused damage to property, injury to young men, disrespect to the Sabbath, social unrest,
        • popular
          • city streets, masive brawls which reflects the harsh lifestyle
      • Cricket
        • Both classes:
          • reflecting the feudal and class structure of the village
          • bat and ball inn
            • cradle of cricket, Richard nyren captained the side that dominated the side that dominated cricket for half a century
          • Marylebone cricket club
            • the gentleman who developed the laws of cricket in 1774. this forced the decline of hambledon as players were employed bu mcc
        • Interest and patronage by the gentry led to the early standardisation of rules
      • Real Tennis
        • Courlty
          • WHen it beacme popular it was for kings, nobles and merchnats
        • Popular
          • the peasants didnt really take part as it was a getlemans sport and they didnt have the time or money to play it
        • PLayed on purpose built facilities, highly sophisticated courts.
        • Complex ruls and required high level of skill

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