Politics

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  • Created by: elzy
  • Created on: 22-05-14 10:40
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  • Politics themes
    • Science and the state
      • Whose values should decide WHAT we research
        • Should this be democratic?
        • Kitcher says democracy important - satisfy preferences of citizens.
          • Moderate realism and significance: should research what people HERE find interesting
          • Harm: research cannot be harmful. Should science be responsive to this?
        • Who enforces this?
        • Funding issue: what gets funded (PRIVATE RESEARCH?)
      • Science at the service of the state?
        • Should this be democratic?
    • Science and education
      • Movement of knowledge from EXPERT to LAY (link with sic journalism)
      • Education to teach deference (Whewell), or critical (Mill)
    • Is science objective?
      • Whose values should structure research we do?
        • Longino: constitutive/contextual
          • Rejects assumption that values are bad, as long as they are ViSIBLE and ACCEPTED BY COMMUNITY
            • Science can vary community to community SSK link
            • How does community criticism make something objective?
      • Historical debates: Bauemler says disinterested science is a myth
      • If we accept that values structure research, surely this should be democratic?
    • Who should do science?
      • Values and facts: the goals should be DEMOCRTICALLY decided (??), and facts are means to achieve the goal
      • Expert identification HARD
        • Goldman's Problem: we seek expertise because we aren't equipped
        • Expertise and credentials?
        • Public involvement - improves fact claims/values?
    • Science and policy
      • Science and the state
        • Whose values should decide WHAT we research
          • Kitcher says democracy important - satisfy preferences of citizens.
            • Moderate realism and significance: should research what people HERE find interesting
            • Harm: research cannot be harmful. Should science be responsive to this?
          • Who enforces this?
          • Funding issue: what gets funded (PRIVATE RESEARCH?)
        • Science at the service of the state?
        • How should data be turned into policy, or reported to public?
          • Sci journalism link - if interpretation done for lay, they aren't enlightened
          • How to choose between theories - even epistemic values problematic
          • Heather Douglas: responsibility on scientists for false positive/negative distinction
            • Link with law and science - L'Aquila scientists
            • Does inductive gap need to be closed? If so, by who/

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