political parties US

  • Created by: elizabeth
  • Created on: 16-01-14 15:47
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  • Political Parties US
    • 1. history of 2 main parties
      • 6 big issues
        • form of government, democracy, slavery, economy, civil rights, role of federal government
    • 2. major parties and ideology
      • liberal- 89%/10% conservative- 20%/78% McCain Obama 2008
      • poll do you think there are any important differences in what reps and dems stand for- 44% no 46% yes
    • 3. the polarisation of american parties
      • since the Reagan era polarisation has been occurring, this is due to the end of the cold war as parties were not united by a common goal,
      • 'the voting card we have in our pocket belong to our people back home not to the party leaders'- Allen Boyd D florida'
    • 4.organisational structure of parties
      • weak organisation of parties they have a bottom up structure,
      • they hold the national conventions once a year.
      • become more important both now have head quarters in Washington.
    • 5. 2 party system
      • combined vote- 1992-81%, 1996-91%,2000-97%, 2004+08-99%
      • reason for 2 party sysyem
        • voting system
        • they cover a large ideological spectrum
        • primary elections help make the major parties more responsive to the electorate minimising need for protest voting
    • 6. third parties
      • 1992 Ross Perot 19% and 1996 9% Ralph Nader green party 2.7
      • third party difficulties
        • first past post in all elections
          • regional do well Wallace 1968 45 electoral college with 13% votes concentrated in southern states. In 1992Ross Perot was spread out won no electoral college but 19%
        • matching funds
          • major candidates qualify by raising $5000 in 20 states in $250 but third parties qualify by only winning at least 5% of the vote in the previous election.
        • ballot access laws
          • Tennessee is easy. John Anderson gathered 1.2 million signatures and $3 million to do it
        • lack resources
        • lack media cover
          • in 2000 Nader was not on TV debate with bush and Gore
        • suffer from well known well qualified candidates
        • major parties portray them as extremists
          • reps quoted "if you like Hitler you'll love Wallace"
        • major parties adopt their policies
    • 7. theories of party decline
      • 4 factors
        • lost control over presidential candidate chosen by primaries. In late 60s chosen by party bosses in smoke filled rooms
        • parties have lost role as communicator between voters and politicians today use rallies
        • in tv era become more candidate or issue focused rather than party people vote based on this
        • split ticket voting- vote for rep congressman and dep president
          • in 2008- dem pres- 9 rep pres- 10         39 dem, 29 ind, 32 rep
      • david broder 1972 the partys over the failure of american politics. denis brogan- parties are like 2 bottles with different labels, both empty
    • 8. theories of party renewal
      • the theory which suggests parties are becoming more significant in elections and in congress
      • reasons for party renewal
        • all exaggeration may be less important than they used to be. the death of rep party was reported after watergate back in white house 6 yrs later .
        • super delegates control over candidate selection.
          • by 2000 accounted for 20% of dem vote in national convention. this was significant in selection of Obama over Clinton 2008
        • soft money
          • used the finance loop holes in get out the vote activities and party building activities
        • nationalizing of campaigns
          • contract with america- policy document rep campaign to win house of rep in 94 mid term election it laid out 10 policies the reps promised to bring a vote on in the first 100 days if they won they did inc anti crime leg, welfare reform
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key- boxes in green are relevant examples that can be used in essays. pink are subtitles 

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