Political Cause of Tudor Rebellion

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  • Political Causes
    • Factions
      • Yorkist
      • Aragonese
        • Pilgrimage of Grace 1536
          • Sir Robert Dymoke, Chancellor to Catherine of Aragon, leading Pilgrim
          • Sir Willoughby, a knight of the body
          • Lord Hussey, chamberlain to Princess Mary
      • Gray
        • Mary's bid for the crown 1553
      • Cecil
        • Rebellions occurred in 1569 and 1601
          • Rebellion of the Northern Earls 1569
            • Both Northern Earls called for the dismissal of William Cecil. Rebellion of the Northern Earls 1569
          • Essexs Rebellion 1601
            • Essexs aimed to remove Robert Cecil, Elizabeths principel adviser.
    • Evil Advisers
      • Rebellions occurred in 1554 1569 1601
        • Wyatt's Rebellion 1554
          • Sought to influence the succession.
            • Feared the consequences of Mary's marriage to Phillip of Spain
        • The Rebellion of the Northern Earls 1569
          • Political Ambition / Influence the succession
            • Earls of Westmorland and Northumberland
              • Northern Catholic Earls and Westmorland had financial problems.
            • Planned to marry Mary Stuart to the Duke of Norfolk and force Elizabeth   to recognise Mary as her heir.
        • Essexs Rebellion 1601
          • Essexs aimed to remove Robert Cecil, Elizabeths principel adviser.
      • Common accusation during rebellion
        • Cornish rebeles 1497 dubbed Bray and Morton as "evil advisers"
        • Pilgrimage of Grace 1536 Cromwell, Cranmer, Audley and Rich were targets in ballads and manifestos.
        • "We seek no harm to the Queen but only to better counsel and councillors" Wyatts Rebellion 1554
    • Government Intervention in England and Ireland
      • Ireland, like the north of  England,  became increasingly resentful of interference from central gov. in the administration of its affairs.
        • No rebellions for the first 50 years of Tudor rule
          • However between 1534 and 1603 five major rebellions occurred
            • Silken Thomas 1534 - 6
              • In relation for Fathers death
              • ST's objective was to become sole ruler of Ireland
            • Shane O'Neill 1558 - 1563
              • Resented loss of Earldom
              • Turned on English settlers
                • Uprising only ended when O'Neil was killed in a brawl with a rival clan
                  • Resented loss of Earldom
            • Munster 1569 - 1573
              • Fitzgerald rose up against the English plantations
              • Buster (colleague of Fitz) attacked settlements
            • Geraldine 1579 - 1583
              • Fits still unhappy came back from France and raised Irish rebels in protest against Elizabeths Religious and political policies
            • Tyrone's Nine Year Rebellion 1595 - 1603
              • Raised support from every Irish province against English rule
        • Tudors had worked closely with Anglo-Irish nobles and had managed Ireland well.
          • However between 1534 and 1603 five major rebellions occurred
            • Silken Thomas 1534 - 6
              • In relation for Fathers death
              • ST's objective was to become sole ruler of Ireland
            • Shane O'Neill 1558 - 1563
              • Turned on English settlers
                • Uprising only ended when O'Neil was killed in a brawl with a rival clan
              • Munster 1569 - 1573
                • Fitzgerald rose up against the English plantations
                • Buster (colleague of Fitz) attacked settlements
              • Geraldine 1579 - 1583
                • Fits still unhappy came back from France and raised Irish rebels in protest against Elizabeths Religious and political policies
              • Tyrone's Nine Year Rebellion 1595 - 1603
                • Raised support from every Irish province against English rule
          • Although there was considerable corruption and inefficiency, it worked
        • Dynastic issues and Succession
          • Rebellions occurred in 1486 1487 1491-7 1553 1554 1569
            • Lovel and Stafford 1486
              • Dynastic / Factional Raised troops to kill Henry VII as he progressed to the North of England.
            • Simnel 1487
              • Dynastic, Simnel claimed to be Edward, Earl of Warwick.
                • Won support of several English and Irish nobles including the Earls of Lincoln and Kildare.
                • The Irish went as far as to crown Simnel King Edward VI
                • Margaret of Burgundy gave troops in support of Simnel
            • Warbeck 1491 - 1497
              • Dynastic, Claimed to be Richard, Duke of York. Won support from few English nobles.
                • Had foreign support although limited.
            • Mary's Bid for the Crown / Edward's devise for the Succession 1553
              • Dynastic / Succession - aimed to excluded Mary from the succession of the crown.
                • Had little noble support unlike earlier rebellions
                • Instead Northumberland wished to hold power in favour of his daugher-in-law, Lady Jane Gray.
                • Submitted without a fight at Cambridge and was taken back to London and executed.
            • Wyatt's Rebellion 1554
              • Sought to influence the succession.
                • Feared the consequences of Mary's marriage to Phillip of Spain
            • The Rebellion of the Northern Earls 1569
              • Political Ambition / Influence the succession
                • Earls of Westmorland and Northumberland
                  • Northern Catholic Earls and Westmorland had financial problems.
                • Planned to marry Mary Stuart to the Duke of Norfolk and force Elizabeth   to recognise Mary as her heir.

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