Political Parties

  • Created by: comfortm
  • Created on: 23-02-19 13:02
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  • Political Parties
    • The Conservative Party
      • Economic Policy
        • After the 2008 financial crisis, Cameron's manifesto in 2010 set to eliminate budget deficits and national debt.
        • In 2010, Cameron set up the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) to independently provide economic forecasts.
        • Conservatives usually want to curb the power of trade unions to keep labour markets free.
        • Cameron was unusual in that he was wiling to work with trade unions.
        • 28 pages of the 2010 manifesto was dedicated to economic policy.
        • Neo-liberal attitude to econony
        • In a bid to slash £4bn/year by 2019/20, Theresa May froze benefits for the 3rd year in a row.
      • Law + Order Policy
        • The party advocates for stern punishments  and prison sentences to deter crime.
        • They want sentencing policy to be in the hands of govt and not unelected judges.
        • In 2017, Theresa May said that she would "rip up human right laws" in order act against terrorism.
        • Neo-conservative stance on law and order
      • Welfare Policy
        • Modern conservatives fear 'dependency culture' that could come with benefits
        • Theresa May increased min. wage by 4%-5% to make unemployment seem less appealing.
        • Overall cap on welfare benefits
        • Believes the welfare services like the NHS should be subject to competition and market forces.
        • Believe the private sector should be involved in the provision of services to increase the efficiency of services.
      • Foreign Policy
        • Neo-conservatives within the party argued against retaining contributions to foreign aid which is at 0.7%
        • Stress the importance of independent foreign policy.
        • In Theresa May's pledge to create a  "hostile environment" for illegal immigrants, she decided to freeze bank accounts.
        • Neo-conservative leaning Tories want to retain nuclear deterrent weapons in the form of trident submarine-based weaponry.
        • Similar to Labour, they also said they would like to have maintain a relationship with the EU but they would want to prioritise a new free trade and customs agreement.
    • The Liberal Democrats
      • Economic policy
        • In 2017, they proposed a 1% tax increase to fund the NHS.
        • They pledged to reverse £9.7bn worth of Conservative benefit cuts - more than double Labour's pledge.
      • Welfare Policy
        • In 2017, hey pledged to invest an extra £6bn in the NHS.
        • Before the 2010 election, the party promised to oppose any rise in fees, but 27 Lib Dem MPs voted to allow universities in England to charge annual tuition fees of up to £9,000, nearly three times the previous limit.
      • Law + Order
        • They regard the defence of civil liberties as one of their key characteristics
        • In coalition, they opposed the Conservative's plans for the so-called 'Snoopers' Charter', the Communications Data Bill which allowed the monitoring of internet use
        • Emphasis on rehabilitation of prisoners and community service to replace short-term prison time.
      • Foreign Policy
        • One of the most enthusiastic for British membership of the EU.
    • The Case for State Funding
      • For
        • State funding would remove the possibility of hidden forms of financial influence.
        • State funding would end financial corruption
        • Funding would reduce the financial advantage that large parties have and give smaller parties the opportunity to progress.
        • An equal financial playing field would encourage wider participation of parties, providing more voter choice and improving democracy
      • Against
        • Financial corruption and hidden influences is no longer a big issue due to the Freedom of Information Act 2000.
        • Many regard parties as private organisations that should not have taxpayers' money awarded unfairly to them
        • It would be difficult to distribute funding - main, larger parties may still be favoured b/c it shows popular support.
        • State funding could be used for better schemes such as education and welfare.
        • Some party spending such as advertising does not denhance democracy
    • The Labour Party
      • Economic Policy
        • Nationalisation of railways in the vein of Old Labour
        • Reduce regional inequalities
        • Restoration of 50% top rate income tax
        • Characterised austerity as a 'political choice' instead of a 'political necessity'.
        • Want companies to release pay audits to reduce discrimination in the workplace.
        • Large-scale funding of £250bn towards industry and infrastructure organised by a new National Investment Bank.
        • Corbyn's manifesto aimed for an extra tax take in total of £50bn
        • Tony Blair won a vote to amend Clause IV of Labour's constitution, removing nationalisation from the main political agenda of the party.
      • Welfare Policy
        • Corbyn strongly opposed benefit cuts as a socialist of Old Labour.
        • Oppose the use of private sector to run public services such as under New Labour.
        • In 2006,Tony Blair welcomed 11 private healthcare providers into the "NHS family".
        • Old Labour completely opposed student tuition fees, whereas, Miliband settled for a reduction of fees to £6000
      • Foreign Policy
        • Supported the renewal of the Trident submarine system in 2017.
        • Committed to the NATO benchmark for spending 2% of GDP on defence.
        • Willing to work w/ the UN on multilateral disarmament "to create a nuclear-free world".
        • Corbyn is strongly opposed to both NATO and the Trident weapons scheme.
        • In their 2017 manifesto, hey said they would accept the result of the EU referendum and try to make a specia relationship with the EU to advocate for workers' rights
      • Law + Order Policy
        • Both New Labour and Momentum (Corbyn's version of Old Labour) are opposed to govt. cuts of police numbers.
        • Corbyn was against hard-line policies enforced under New Labour, such as the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005.

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