POLITICAL OPP TO TSAR

  • Created by: 10cmurphy
  • Created on: 04-04-17 14:25
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  • Political opposition to the Tsarist system
    • Reasons for opposition
      • Long history of violence
      • 'Peoples Will' assassinated Alexander III in 1881
      • Wanted change to how they were ruled
      • Demanded constitutionalgov and political freedom
      • Wanted end of extreme poverty
    • Impact of Marxism
      • Marx argued capitalism = exploitation
      • Communist society would emerge which is fairer
      • Industrialisation meant communism appealed more
    • SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY
      • Marxist Party (1898)
      • Divided party-failed to agree on strategy and organisation
      • 1903-split into Mensheviks and Bolsheviks
        • Bolsheviks led by Lenin-revolution only brought about by an elite group
        • Mensheviks-believed that revolution should be carried out on mass
    • SOCIALIST REVOLUTIONARIES
      • Led by Victor Chernov-drew on ideas of Marxism
      • Focus to attract peasants
      • More popular due to economic problems
      • Poorly organised with no real plan
      • Key method was terroism
    • LIBERALS
      • Educated middle class
      • Many supported it as they wanted a Western way of living
      • Demands for political constitution
      • Liberal politicians became more aggressive
      • Divided opinions meant they weren't as effective

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