Charles 1- Political, Economic, Religious and foreign policy issues

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  • Political, economic, religious and foreign policy issues of Charles I
    • Religious
      • William laud Archbishop of Canterbury (1633) 5 aims are; 1. uniformity in the church 2. make churches more fit for worship 3. eradicate puritanism 4. increase churches influence in the government 5. restore the wealth of the clergy
      • 1626-york house conference held by Buckingham to ease tensions between parliament and the Arminians
      • 1637-new prayer book to Scotland, caused riots(jenny geddes)
      • Irish rebellion- 1641 3000 protestants drowned
      • 1626- articles of perth
      • Levellers- Great remonstrance of a many thousand citizens- 1647 putney debates
    • Foreign Policy
      • Cadiz expedition 1625- failed as boat wasn't well provisioned and soldiers got drunk mutinied went home and died
      • La rochelle 1627- failed as ladders were too short
      • Treaty of Suza with france 1629
      • 1630- treaty of Madrid with Spain
      • first bishops war 1639- ended with the pacification of berwick
      • 1640 second bishops war- treaty of ripon
    • Economic
      • ship money-first collected in maritime counties 1634- levied to the whole country in 1635- john hamden refused to pay ship money, 5 out of 12 judges supported him
      • Forced loan-1626 raised £240000- john Elliot arrested
      • 1627-charles spends £18000 on an art collection
      • 1629-debt at £2 million 1635- £1 million
      • 1630- started to collect distraint of knight hood
      • revival of forest court-1635
    • Political
      • 1629 parliament during opening of parliament 3 radical mps held down the speaker and forced him to pass 3 resolutions- if had popish ideas and collected custom duties you were enemies to the kindom and if you paid custom duties you were betrayers of liberty- this caused charles to dissolve parliament for 11 years
      • 1628- Charles accepts the petition of rights
      • 1640-short parliament-lasted 3 weeks, 36 complaints
      • 1642-Grand remonstrance dated back to 1626
      • 1641-triennial act parliament to be called every 3 years for at least 50 days
      • 1642 attempted arrest of the 5- Charles issued articles of high treason against Pym, Hampden, Holles, Haselrig and strode. Charles went to parliament 4th January 1642 - breach of their privilege
      • 1642-19 propositions - The King to publicly pardon the Five Members, Parliament was to supervise the education of royal children and to arrange their marriages, the King's ministers were to be made answerable to Parliament; no new peers could be appointed to the House of Lords without the approval of the Commons
      • 1646- Newcastle propositions, episcopacy to be abolished, militia under parliament control for 20 years  - charles delayed answering them for 10 months
      • 1647- heads of proposals, episcopacy would stay, control of militia for 10 years, parliament to be held every 2 years for a  minimum of 120 days and maximum of 240 days.
      • 1641-Act of Attainder-parliament go after wentworth and execute him, Charles tries to execute a prison break but fails


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