political developments of war

Wars and welfare: Britain in transition 1906-1957

  • Created by: Shqipe99
  • Created on: 15-06-17 19:19
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  • Fall of Chamberlain
    • Political developments
      • Churchill as wartime leader
        • Took over from Chamberlain in may 1940
        • War was going badly and Lord Halifax urged Churchill to negotiate peace terms
        • France surrendered on 22 June. occupied by Germany and forced to pay for German invasions
        • Now standing alone, Churchill's speeches kept Britain fighting until the US and USSR joined in 1941
        • Churchill attempted to delay invasion of Nazi occupied France in fear of a second Gallipoli
          • pressured from US and USSR: D-Day was set on 6th June 1944
        • 7th May Germany surrendered - led the nation to victory
      • Coalition Government
        • Churchill's first task as prime minister was to form a new govt.
          • 1940 war cabinet consisted of Atlee, Arthur Greenwood, Chamberlain and Lord Halifax
        • wartime coalition proved to be stable and efficient
    • Chamberlain faced increasing criticism for his policy of appeasement.
      • policy of Appeasement - determined to avert another war, used diplomacy to find a solution
    • Criticised for failing to get an alliance with Russia to deter Hitler - Phoney war - undermined faith in his leadership
    • He was heavily criticised for not organising the economy for war
      • Failed to win support of Labour and even some of his own Conservatives - he was not a wartime leader


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