Politeness Priciple

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  • Politeness Priciple
    • Robyn Lackoff
      • 1. Don't Impose
        • Avoid intruding on other's lives
          • "Excuse me", "Sorry to bother you"
      • 2. Give Options
        • Avoid making the listener feel obliged to do something
          • "Do you mind?", "Is that okay?"
      • 3. Make your receiver feel good
        • Make others feel appricated
          • "You look nice today"
    • Geoffrey Leech
      • 1. Tact
        • Minimise cost to listener and maximise cost to speaker
          • "Sorry can I talk to you", "Won't you sit down?"
      • 2. Generosity
        • Minimise benefit to speaker, maximise benefit to listener/ Be nice
          • "You should come for tea"
      • 3. Approbation
        • Minimise dispraise to speaker/ Try not to criticise yourself
          • "Yes I've seen that it's unusual", A: "the show was great!" B: "Yes, Wasn't it!"
      • 4. Modesty
        • Minimise praise to speaker/ Don't boast
          • "I'm stupid can you say that again", "please accept this gift for your achievement
      • 5. Agreement
        • Minimise dis-agreement/ Don't cause an argument just agree with them
          • "Why don't we go at 10", A: "English is difficult to learn"         B: "True, but the grammar is quite easy"
      • 6. Sympathy
        • Minimise antipathy and maximise sympathy/ Be sympathtic
          • "Sorry to hear you're not well", "I'm sorry to hear about your dad"

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