Poland migration

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Polish Migration
    • Pull Factors
      • UK employment rate 5.1% compared to Polish 18.2%
        • in need of semi-skilled and unskilled labour
      • Poles can earn x4 as much on minimum wage
      • Polish family can save a 5th of what they take home + still enjoy better lifestyle
      • existing polish communities
      • knowledge of English language - as universal second landguage
      • average annual wage £25,000
      • better medical facilities - NHS
      • average no. of job vacancies was 607,900 in jan 2007
    • Push Factors
      • unemployment rate 18.2% in 2005
        • highest rate in OECD
      • some rural areas have 40% unemployment rate
      • Polan GDP per head $12,700 in 2006
        • compared to UK $30,900
      • low standard of living
      • lack of opportunity
      • average annual wage £4,000
      • youth unemployment 40%
    • Impacts on Source Nations
      • Social
        • reduces pressure on jobs + resources
        • reduces pressure on unemployment rate
        • Demographic In balance
          • more young women than men
            • reduced birth rate
        • skill shortages in population
        • if young people leave the proportion of age dependent rises
        • =politic may rise standards of living
      • Economical
        • injection of foreign cash
        • loss of primary + secondary workers
        • migrants send remittances back home
          • this can amount up to 10% of GDP
        • decrease in economicaaly active
          • loss of wokrers
      • Environmental
        • less pollution due to population decrease
        • less pressure on resources
        • loss of farm workers
    • Impacts on Host Naations
      • Social
        • fills in  gaps in labour
        • workers work for longer hours + lower wages
          • makes businesses competitive
        • increased pressure on education
        • 80% of new migrants are working people between 18=35
          • tendency for aging population
        • increased pressure on health care
      • Environmental
        • increased population means more people releasing CO2
        • more land needed to provide housing for immigrants
      • Economical
        • migrants can stimulate economic growth
          • contributed 0.5-1% in 2005+ 2006
          • £2.54bn contributed to economy annually by migrants
        • only 5,000 claim benefits -although some 70,000 claim child benefti
        • migrant families are asylum seekers likely to be cost to economy
        • migrants contribute to 10% of taxes but only take 9% of GOV. Spending
        • Bank of England stated it has helped to prevent rapid rise in oil prices causing a damaging surge of inflation
    • Location
      • East-Anglia
      • 1,500 migrants arriving everyday
      • 1 in 11 are polish - Southampton
      • 25% in Hertfordshire are polish

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Population change and migration resources »