Whitechapel Policing

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  • Policing in Whitechapel
    • Met police
      • most recruits not from London
        • attracted by good pay
      • problems
        • drinking on job
        • abssenteeism
      • 13,319 men in 1885
        • only 1,383 on duty at a time
          • to police a population of over 5 million
    • H Division
      • responsible for policing Whitechapel
      • in 1888 there were only 575 in the H division
        • 1 policeman for every 300 people
    • Attitudes
      • working class felt police were against them
        • trust lost through how police handled events like the Trafalgar Square riot of 1887
      • economic depression and ensuing poverty contributed to hatred
    • Difficulties
      • media
        • criticized police
        • red herrings
      • immigrants
        • less communicate with police
          • mistreatment by other police
      • alcohol
        • cheaply available
          • ripper victims were alcoholics
            • vulnerable
          • causes violence
          • addictions
            • causes people to turn to crime
      • prostitutes
        • 1200 in 1888
          • vulnerable to attack
          • engage in petty theft
      • gangs
        • took 'protection money' from small businesses
          • vandalized the properties of or harmed those who didn't pay
            • fear prevented people from reporting crimes
    • CID
      • previous detective forces ineffective
        • like the first set up in 1842
        • more recruited in 1870 but were also unsuccessful
      • setup 1878
        • due to a corruption scandal the previous year
        • used photos, statements and interviews
          • no forensics
    • Sir Charles Warren
      • Met Police Commissioner in 1886
        • forced to resign after criticism of the police's handling of the Ripper cases
          • also criticized for using force to control a Trafalgar square demonstration
      • actions
        • brought more ex-soldiers into the police force
          • increased military drill
        • tightened recruitment rules
    • Investigative techniques
      • No forensics
      • Autopsies
      • Sketches
        • used by the City of London Police
        • doctor sketched position + condition of Eddowes' body
        • Mitre Square
      • Interviews
        • 2000+ people questioned
        • focus on butchers and slaughter-men
      • Photography
        • photos taken before/after post-mortem
    • The Ripper Murders
      • 1st: Mary Nichols 31st August 1888
        • Found in Bucks Row
          • throat cut + abdomen cut open
      • 2nd: Annie Chapman 8th September 1888
        • Found near Hanbury Street
          • strangled then throat cut + some intestines removed
      • 3rd: Elizabeth Stride 30th September 1888
        • 4th: Catherine Eddowes (the same night)
          • Found at Mitre square
            • Disemboweled + face mutilated
        • Found at Dutfield's Yard
      • 5th: Mary Kelly 9th November 1888
        • Found in her room
          • body parts removed and spread around

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siansandhu

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its so *sobs* its just so beautiful *drowns self in tears*

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