Policies towards the churches

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  • Policies towards the Churches
    • Nazi beliefs
      • Hitler as all-powerful leader
      • Aryan racial superiority
      • War, military discipline and violence - important
      • Dominance of the strong over the weak
    • Christian beliefs
      • God as the ultimate authority
      • Everyone as equal in the eyes of God
      • Peace is what everyone should strive for
      • The strong should look after the weak
    • Catholic Church
      • Hitler worried C.C would oppose him because;
        • Loyal to the pope
        • Usually supported the Catholic Centre Party
        • Sent their children to Catholic schools/youth organisation
    • Protestant Churches
      • The Reich Church;
        • Founded in 1933, made up of abt 2000 Protestant churches, supported the Nazis, led by Ludwig Muller, had some members that wore Nazi uniforms - German Christians
      • The Confessional Church;
        • Founded in 1934, made up of about 6000 Protestant Churches, opposed the Nazis, led by Martin Niemoller, repressed by the Nazis
    • The Concordat
      • Hitler agreed with the pope in a Concordat that Catholics were free to worship and run their own schools in return for staying out of politics
        • Hitler broke this promise and;
          • Priests oppsing the Nazis were harassed and/or sent to concentration camps
          • Catholic schools had to remove Christian symbols and were later closed
          • Catholic Youth Organisations were banned
        • Hitlers strategy was to try and consolidate his power before openly attacking the influence and power of the churches in Germany
          • Ultimate goal - replace the churches with a Nazi-based religion
      • By 1937, the pope spoke out against him in his statement - 'With burning anxiety', which criticised Nazi policies


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