Police force - 1829


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  • POLICE FORCE - 1829
    • WHY ROBERT PEEL COULD SET UP THE POLICE FORCE IN 1829
      • GROWTH OF LONDON - rapid population growth meant that old systems (e.g. constables and watchmen)were inadequate
      • FEAR OF PROTEST - after the French Revolution, governments and landowner's feared a similar revolution may take place in Britain
      • INCREASED CRIME AND INCREASED FEAR OF CRIME - crime rate had risen sharply, widespread belief that violent crime was rising and out of control - people would welcome police force
      • TAXES -the long French war meant the government raised taxes, local authorities collecting more taxes meant that a police force could be funded
    • FEAR OF THE POLICE
      • Feared the cost
      • Invasion of privacy
      • Thought it would limit freedoms
      • Thought it would be like the army - events at Peterloo
      • Saw that when it was first created, it was filled with many drunk men as low wages didn't attract best men
      • Nicknamed the 'Blue Devils'
    • CHANGE IN REPUTATION
      • The Great Exhibition in 1851
        • Police controlled over 1 million people without any problem
      • People began to use affectionate nicknames such as 'Peelers' or 'Bobbies'
        • Crime fell steadily for 50yrs from 1850 - 1900 proving they were working and making people feel safer
    • CRIME PREVENTION METHODS PRIOR TO THE POLICE FORCE
      • 1772 - Hue and Cry publication which reported on details of crime and criminals
      • 1749 - Bow Street runners (Sir John Fielding) - team of efficient constables patrolling the streets at night
      • 1805 - Civilian Horse patrol who stopped highwaymen
      • 1878 - Thames River Police - prevention and detection of crime on the Thames
      • Henry Fielding - investigated the causes of crime and wrote the journal 'The Covent Garden' to keep people informed about crime and criminals

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