Pluralism

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  • Pluralism
    • Exclusivism
      • What?
        • Only Christians will be saved
          • Barth - Jesus revealed God, no other people will be saved
          • Kraemer - Christianity is the only way to be saved
          • Only specific domination's saved?
      • Why?
        • 'Do not worship false idols'
        • 'Parable of the sheep and the goats'
        • 'I am the way the truth and the life'
      • Strengths +
        • + Gives motivation for moral action
        • + Makes Jesus death worthwhile
      • Weakness -
        • - Harsh
        • Benevolence?
        • - Jesus was kind and inclusive
    • Inclusivism
      • What?
        • Karl Rahner - Christianity is unique but good people will be saved (e.g anonymous Christians)
      • Why?
        • Good people lived before Jesus death (Prophets)
        • 'Parable of sheep and goats'
        • 'I am the way'..
      • Strengths +
        • + Fair
        • + Benevolent
        • + Solves problem of good people, before Jesus
      • Weakness -
        • - Von Balthosar, waters down
        • - Arrogant
        • - "Honorary status given to those who do not desire it" Hick
    • Pluralism
      • What?
        • Hick : Religions revolve around God, We cannot fully experience God it is all an interpretation of true reality.
        • Panikkar : People are looking through different ways. God is mysterious and shows himself in different ways
      • Why?
        • 'My fathers home has many forms'
        • Paul : Neither Jew, nor Greek...
      • Weakness -
        • - Jesus' death?
        • - Moral lives?
        • - Devalues religion
        • - Devalues peoples beliefs that their religion is truth
        • P's God is arbitory
      • Strengths +
        • + Explains contradictions
        • + Values others
        • + Not arrogant
        • + Consistent with Jesus' openness
        • + Language Games
    • Christian Responses
      • Roman Catholic : Redemptor Mussio
        • Pope John Paul II : all religions have value, respectful, but always try to baptise them
      • COE : Sharing the gospel of salvation
        • Christianity is the only way to be saved. Be respectful. Engage with others & let them take time to convert. "Go beyond tolerance into positive engagement"
      • Scriptural Reasoning Movement
        • Members of Abrahimc faiths come together, read texts and compare. Say what it means for them. Engage, Debate, Dialouge : "This means to me"
        • Strength +
          • + Provides a platform
          • + Brings people together
          • + Promotes respect more than Rm / SGOS
          • + Promotes community
          • + Tackles differences
          • + Opens doalogue

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