Plato's Cave

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Ujj17
  • Created on: 04-05-14 22:20
View mindmap
  • Plato's Cave Anology
    • The sun= Form of the Good- the sun sustains all things in the world in the same way the form of the good is the source of the other Forms and sustains them
    • People are philosophically ignorant- they are like the prisoners. They can only see the shadows playing on the back wall
      • The prisoners= us, trapped in this world of appearances, we believe this is the truth. We are like the prisonrs who are stopped from realising the real Form... outside the cave
        • The Objects= imitations of the forms- what we see in the world of appearances
          • Plato makes a good point that empirical knowledge can be flawed- this is because we live in an imperfect world of apperances and immitation of the Forms
            • A priori knowledge as it is based of philosophical reasoning- logical reason
              • What proof is there for any of this though?
    • The Cave= world of Appearances
      • There is an unclear libk between the world of appearances and the Forms.. how are they connected? The analogy doenst tell us.. is there any thing in the middle?
    • The world outside= The world of the Forms
      • The prisoner who escapes= the philosopher= the 'king' that should really rule soceity since they know the truth
        • Even though society cannot see the truth and tries to kill the escaped prisoner in their ignorance and anger
          • People are philosophically ignorant- they are like the prisoners. They can only see the shadows playing on the back wall
            • The prisoners= us, trapped in this world of appearances, we believe this is the truth. We are like the prisonrs who are stopped from realising the real Form... outside the cave
              • The Objects= imitations of the forms- what we see in the world of appearances
                • Plato makes a good point that empirical knowledge can be flawed- this is because we live in an imperfect world of apperances and immitation of the Forms
                  • A priori knowledge as it is based of philosophical reasoning- logical reason
                    • What proof is there for any of this though?
        • Knowledge of the Forms is essential for any ruler- so that a ruler can govern justly
        • Who is the most sutable to rule society? Plato seems to be saying that everyone else is stupid as they are ignorant of the forms...
      • Just because someone is philosophically enlightened and intelligent does that make them perfect for leadership?
    • The fire in the cave= the sun of our world
      • The sun= Form of the Good- the sun sustains all things in the world in the same way the form of the good is the source of the other Forms and sustains them
    • Objects carried by the people= the people represent the polititions who lead people but don't actually know the truth of the Forms.. or don't want people to know!
      • The prisoner who escapes= the philosopher= the 'king' that should really rule soceity since they know the truth
        • Even though society cannot see the truth and tries to kill the escaped prisoner in their ignorance and anger
          • Knowledge of the Forms is essential for any ruler- so that a ruler can govern justly
          • Who is the most sutable to rule society? Plato seems to be saying that everyone else is stupid as they are ignorant of the forms...
        • This theory gives a reason for the imperfections of the world which we can see around us.. admits that the world is imperfect
      • The journy out of the cave= journey of the soul upward into the relm of Forms
        • How does one actually realise the truth of the forms in order to become enlightened?
          • Plato mentions that the hard journey is the soul leaving this world.. does that mean that they die? In that case, how can they come back to lead society? If not, how do we realise the truth while being alive?
      • Being dazzeled= analogy to the philosopher gradually learning to differenciate between Forms and imitations
      • Going back to the cave= prisoner turned philosopher/king cannot see clearly on way back down, shows how hard it is to see the Forms in the world of Appearances
      • It is Absolutist- not everyone will accept this e.g Aristotle did not

    Comments

    No comments have yet been made

    Similar Religious Studies resources:

    See all Religious Studies resources »See all Philosophy resources »