Plato's arguments for Dualism

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  • Plato's arguments for dualism
    • The soul  has knowledge of eternal ideas and is able to recognise forms (like beauty).
      • Example: Socrates questioning a slave boy about geometrical problems he had never faced before. The slave's answers demonstrate an awareness of Pythagoras' theorem, which demonstrates that the soul has knowledge from its prior existence. Learning is therefore merely remembering.
    • The body and soul are opposites. One makes the other necessary. Life and death are two opposites. Death is a thing (rather than nothingness) and this leads him to suggest that death is an event, the soul leaving the body
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