AS: Philiosophy: Philosophy of Religion: Plato + the Forms

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  • Plato + The Forms
    • Background Information
      • Influenced by Socrates who believed that to be moral you have to have true knowledge
        • To know what is right, is to do what is right
        • Plato was trying to solve the problem that the world is constantly changing
      • Believes that gaining knowledge through the senses is flawed as the world is changing
        • Plato was trying to solve the problem that the world is constantly changing
        • Shown in Dialogue: Meno
          • Socrates gives slave boy a mathematical problem and solves it despite him never learning maths
            • Plato believes the boy "remembers" the answer
              • Plato believes we do not learn new things: we remember them
                • Innate knowledge
    • Plato's dualistic view
      • Body and soul exist separately from each other however are linked in some way
        • The soul has always existed
        • Two types of beings
          • Material
            • Realm of Appearances
              • Our world
              • Imperfect
              • Visible
              • Senses
              • Opinions
              • Decaying + changing
          • Spiritual
            • Realm of Reality
              • World of souls
              • Perfect concepts
              • Intelligible
              • Beyond senses
              • True knowledge
              • Eternal + unchanging
      • Realm of Reality
        • World of souls
        • Perfect concepts
        • Intelligible
        • Beyond senses
        • True knowledge
        • Eternal + unchanging
      • Realm of Appearances
        • Our world
        • Imperfect
        • Visible
        • Senses
        • Opinions
        • Decaying + changing
    • Concept of the Forms
      • Plato said we have concept of what something like beauty because we have an innate knowledge
        • We "remember" the form of beauty imperfect and reflected in things like flowers
          • We "remember" the forms in our souls as they are immortal and enternal
      • When we refer to something like a dog we are referring to a particular quality or essence that it has
        • In the world of the forms there is an ideal dog
          • The dogs in our world are poor reflections of the ideal dog
      • The Form of Good
        • Form of Good " illuminates" and is the source of the other Forms
          • All forms have aspects of "goodness"
          • Plato said the Form of Good is the greatest thing we have to learn
            • Our knowledge of the Form of the Good is an end in itself as it gives meaning and purpose to life
      • Evalution
        • Infinate regress
        • Can't be empirically prooved
        • What is the link between the world of apperances and world of Forms?
  • Spiritual

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