introducing plato

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  • Plato
    • influenced by Socrates
      • to be moral you must have true knowledge: to know what is right and what is wrong
    • we do not gain knowledge through the senses
      • empirical knowledge: knowledge that is gained through senses
    • the two realms
      • the material world that we live in is constantly changing whereas the spiritual world is unchanging
      • the realm of appearances and the realm of reality
    • dualist views
      • Dualism: belief that humans are made of two distinct parts: the soul and the body
      • two types of beings: spiritual beings (souls) and material beings (houses)
    • we do not learn new things we remember them
      • innate knowledge: knowledge that is gained through the mind rather than the senses: we have this from birth
    • forms and ideals
      • form: the idea of something. eternal idea of what a thing is.
      • in our world we have an idea of what beauty is, this is due to the innate knowledge we have of what beauty is
        • this allows us to recognise things like dogs
    • form of the good and other forms
      • the most important form is the form of the good. It illuminate and is the source of the other sources
      • is an end in itself and gives purpose to life.


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