Long Answer

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  • Planning Long Answer Questions.
    • To what extent do elections play a vital role in the UK's democratic system?
      • They allow ordinary citizens to become involved in politics and enjoy democratic participation.
      • This involvement creates greater choice in who is to hold office
      • This furthers democracy because it means those in power are given legitimacy and a mandate to govern.
      • They allow parties to contest in elections and secure a mandate to govern democratically.
      • FPTP tends to favour two main parties Labour and the conservatives- not smaller minority parties.
    • 'The UK should replace the FPTP with a more proportional alternative'
      • No, FPTP is effective because of it's simplicity, it is easy to understand and operate.
      • Strong and stable- No Coalition, usually get the majority in the commons, favours stronger more developed parties.
      • Results of elections using FPTP can be calculated quickly, this makes the transfer of power from one party to another a lot quicker.
      • Yes- Favours parties with strong national support, not ones who's support is dispersed.
      • Yes- Two main parties tend to win more support than their votes merit.
      • Tactical voting and safe seats.
    • 'The rational choice voting model is the most convincing explanation of voting behaviour in the UK'
      • Voters decide how to vote on the basis of a series of Judgements made about several relevant factors.
      • So, voting behaviour is influenced by a combination of the parties track record, election manifesto, the party leaders and key party players.
      • Different issues matter to different people at different times in their lives. For example, the NHS could be the most important issues if you have an elderly parent of young child.
      • Alternatively, there is a lot of evidence to suggest that the sociological model is more evident, this includes how age, gender, class and ethnicity effects voting behaviour.

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