Piliavin

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  • Created by: emma
  • Created on: 08-03-14 11:17
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  • Piliavin
    • Aim
      • to observe the effect of the following variables on helping behaviour in an emergency situation
    • Background
      • Cost reward system
        • People only help if the rewards out way the costs
      • Situational factors rather than individual differences that influence helping behaviour
    • Procedure
      • Two male and two female(observers) uni students entered different doors
        • Observers sat in adjacent area. Males remained standing
        • 1 observed race sex and location of every passenger in critical area and those who came to victims aid
        • 1 observed race sex and location of everyone in the adjacent area and time taken
      • 70 seconds into journey victim staggered forward, collapsed and remained on the floor
      • Victim conditions
        • Cane condition
          • Appeared sober and carried a black cane
        • Drunk condition
          • Smelled of alcohol and carried a bottle in a brown paper bag
        • aged between 26 and 35, 3 white, 1 black. Dressed identically
      • Model conditions
        • Early intervention
          • Model waited until passed the 4th station (70s) to help the victim
        • Late intervention
          • Model waited until passed the 6th station (150s) to help the victim
        • Model in the critical or adjacent area
        • control condition there was no model
    • Participants
      • 4,450 men and women travelling on the 8th avenue subway
      • Between 11:00 and 3:00 over 6 weeks
      • Average racial composition 55% white 45% black
      • Average no of people in carriage was 43
      • average of 8.5 people in the critical area
    • Conclusion
      • Faster response times when more people in carriage
        • To appease the fact hat they could not escape carriage
    • Results
      • Type of victim
        • cane received spontaneous help 95% of times
        • drunk received spontaneous help 50%
      • Race of victim
        • black victims received help less quickly especially in the drunk
      • presence of model
        • 17% of drunk helped before model helped
          • 87% of cane helped before model helped
      • Grop size
        • Most help came from largest gropu
  • Group size
    • to observe the effect of the following variables on helping behaviour in an emergency situation
  • Victim conditions
    • Cane condition
      • Appeared sober and carried a black cane
    • Drunk condition
      • Smelled of alcohol and carried a bottle in a brown paper bag
    • aged between 26 and 35, 3 white, 1 black. Dressed identically
  • Results
    • Type of victim
      • cane received spontaneous help 95% of times
      • drunk received spontaneous help 50%
    • Race of victim
      • black victims received help less quickly especially in the drunk
    • presence of model
      • 17% of drunk helped before model helped
        • 87% of cane helped before model helped
    • Grop size
      • Most help came from largest gropu

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