PILGRIMAGE OF GRACE 1536: Economic and Social

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  • Created by: siouxx
  • Created on: 08-05-16 17:12
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    • Economic
      • government commission to collect subsidy
        • many commoners felt couldn't afford (although reality affected minority)
        • worse by fact that levied in peace time - unique
          • as introduced 1534 Subsidy Act
      • atmosphere of rumour/alarm with taxation:
        • rumoured new taxes on cattle, christenings, marriages, burials
        • rumoured every man detail property & income - false report = punishment
        • followed bad weather/poor harvests - resentment
      • entry fines & enclosure
    • Social
      • popular grievances against local gentry
        • landlords took entry fines; rackrenting; deprived men of tenant rights
        • complained tithes (one tenth annual produce traditionally to support church)
          • not condemning church; was bitterness against landlords
        • continued distrust between commoners/gentry
      • but rebels insisted gentry leadership
        • believed society of orders; gentry should take lead
      • gentry disapproved range of govt. initiatives
        • similar beliefs as rebels in machinations of Cromwell
          • under attack from greedy crown regime
        • took policy of inaction - allowed rebellion develop whilst stayed sidelines
          • or damage limitation - couldn't overcome rebels; pacify instead


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