Piaget's theory of Cognitive Development

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  • Piaget's theory of Cognitive Development
    • AO1
      • 4 stages
        • Concrete Operational stage
          • Conservation of mass developed
          • 7-11 Years old
        • Pre-operational stage
          • Egocentric thought still present
          • 2-7 Years old
        • Formal Operations
          • Abstract 'adult' thought
          • 11+ Years old
        • Sensorimeter stage
          • 0-2 Years old
          • Object permanence developed
      • How children learn
        • Schema
          • Mental structures that hold all information on one topic
        • Assimilation
          • Incorporation of new information into an existing schema
        • Accommodation
          • Adapting existing schema to understand the new information
        • Equilibration
          • Try to keep equilibrium in learning. If new info comes along, it must be assimilated to acheive equilibrium
        • Operations
          • Logical mental rules
    • AO2
      • Little support for learning through disequilibrium
      • Lack of mundane realism in his experiments
        • Hughes
          • Made 3 mountains task more realistic
            • Child doll hiding from police instead
            • Kids coped better and more often chose correct perspective
      • Confusing experiments
        • Samuel and Bryant
          • Found asking vital question only once increased correct answers
      • Ethnocentric
        • All research done in Western Europe
      • Focuses on nature not nurture - reductionist
      • Dasen (1994)
        • Post operational stage 'unrealistic'
        • Only 1/3 adults reach it, and not normally in adolescence

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