H8 S

  • Created by: Kyle Ford
  • Created on: 27-10-17 13:50
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  • Piaget - Cognitive Development
    • Development of Schemas
      • Schema: ' Cognitive package of information used by children to understand their world'
      • Schema acquired via past experiences
        • Equilibrium - State of cognitive balance
          • Experience in line with what they understand
            • Schema acquired via past experiences
              • Equilibrium - State of cognitive balance
                • Experience in line with what they understand
        • Grow - new experiences and information
          • Disequilibrium - State of cognitive imbalance
            • Experience is not in line with what they understand
              • Grow - new experiences and information
                • Disequilibrium - State of cognitive imbalance
                  • Experience is not in line with what they understand
        • Egocentrism
          • Child's inability to see a situation from another persons point of view
          • Pre-operational stage at a nursery - engage in parallel play - play alongside rather than together
          • Absorbed in own world - speech externalised
        • Test of Conservation
          • Before age of 7
          • Children think - volume of liquid changes if put into a thinner container
          • Cant understand quantity is same until CONCRETE OPERATION STAGE - become logical
        • STAGES
          • Children think differently to adults - development happens in series as they mature
            • 4 Years - cant abstract logically think to use own thought process to solve problems rather than being practically involved
              • Infants use egocentric thinking - ability to think logically doesn't happen until around 7
          • Sensorimotor 0-2 Years
            • Coordination of senses with motor response
            • Sensory curiosity about the world
            • Language for demands and cataloguing
            • Object permanence developed
          • Preoperation 2-7 Years
            • Symbolic thiinking
            • Proper syntax and grammar to express full concepts
            • Imagination and institution strong
            • Complex abstract thought difficult - conservation developed
          • Concrete Operational  7-11 Years
            • Concepts attached to concrete situations
            • Time, space, quantity understood and applied - not as independent concepts
        • Criticisms of Piaget
          • Underestimate/Overestimate - Stages are too fixed
          • Longer than 11 years to develop logical abstract thought
          • Doesn't develop with the maturation process - depend on environment and the formal/informal education recieve
          • Minimise importance of social interaction

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