Physical and Psychological effects of war

Yellow=mental and physical effects

Blue=loss of faith

Red=coping mechanisms

  • Created by: nfawre
  • Created on: 25-04-15 18:32
View mindmap
  • Physical and Psychological effects of war (mental health /loss of faith/ coping mechanisms.
    • Drama
      • Journey's End
        • Journey' End-Trotter talks about normal everyday topics such as food "Ha! Give me apricots every time!"
        • Journey's End- Stanhop desensitised to war- "casually" points gun at Hibbert, no hesitation demonstrating the effect of war.
        • Journey's End- Stanhope's use of alcohol "drinking like a fish as usual" emphasised by Raleigh that the war has caused him to drink.
        • Hibbert possibly has shell shock and is treated like a coward-he is scared but hides it behind illness "If you only knew how awful I feel"-Stanhope admits he feels the same
      • Accrington Pals
        • Accrington Pals-May diverts her attention to her business
        • Arthur is very religious- his last letter in scene 1 says why he is fighting- he does not lose faith it is reaffirmed.
          • however the only way he can deal with the war is through believing it is a punishment from God "It is his second flood, though now by steel instead of water"
    • Prose
      • Birdsong
        • Weir is so affected that he sobs to Stephen asking him to call him by his name
        • Soldiers take on more femanine roles as a coping mechanism i.e Weir is more effeminate in his role with Stephen e.g his clothing.
        • Stephen- violence-holds a knife to the prostitute
        • Loss of faith in Horrock the chaplain "Horrocks threw his cross on the floor"
        • Stephen and Weir reliant on alcohol
      • Regeneration
        • Shellshock affects the soldiers in different ways- mutes them gives then nightmares etc
        • Billy Prior stops speaking due to the immense trauma experienced in the war/ doesn't want to speak of his experiences
        • Craiglockhart is a psychiatric hospital so the whole setting surrounds psychological problems- every character is effected by the war whether directly or indirectly.
          • Wilfred Owen had shellshock but he's just one of many. Rivers is affected by the men he treats. Burns traumatised after being launched into German corpse
    • Poetry
      • Exposure (Wilfred Owens)
        • Psychological- "Brains ache"
        • physical- freeze to death. Animalistic imagery-dehumanises men.
      • Mental cases (Wilfred Owen) "drooping tongues"- dehumanisation. "never rest" psycological effects
      • Strange meeting (Wilfred Owen) suggests Hell and death are better than life. Also suggests sense of guilt...
      • For the Fallen- live forever in the minds of others... psychological effects on those at home.
      • Futility (Wilfred Owen) sibilance lenghens words like exhaustion emphasising mental fatigue
      • Recalling war (Robert Graves) "one armed man" "visions of despair"-shows the war has had a detrimental impact on the survivors
      • Dulce et decorum est (Wilfred Owen) "coughing like hags" shows physical effects of war- dehumanisation


No comments have yet been made

Similar English Literature resources:

See all English Literature resources »See all First World War resources »