Physical childhood

  • Created by: maizie
  • Created on: 27-03-18 09:20
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  • Physical Early Childhood
    • Early Childhood is an exciting time for growth and development as infants become more independent from their carers and begin to make more sense of the world and their place in it.
      • Children love to learn and develop new skills at this age.
        • The development  of gross and fine motor skills improves greatly during childhood.
          • From only being able to do a limited range of activities with support in early infancy, by the age of 8 most children can do many activities independently
            • At 5, children can walk upstairs unaided and hold a crayon or pencil to draw and write.
              • By 8, children can usually throw and catch a ball quite well and will have a good sense of balance.
    • Children continue to develop gross motor skils.
      • From about 3-4 years old they can balance and walk along a line. From about 5-8 years old they can balance on a low beam.
        • From about 3-4 years old they can run forwards and backwards. At about 5-8 years old they can skip with a rope.
          • From about 3 years old they can pedal and control a tricycle. By about 6 years old they can ride a bicycle.
            • From about 3-4 years old they can hop on one foot. At about 5-8 years old they can hop, skip and jump with confidence.
              • From about 3 years they can throw a ball and by about 4 years old they can aim it. At about 5-8 years old they can accurately throw  and catch a ball.
    • development of gross motor skills
      • Children's practical abilities associated with gross motor skills continue to develop.
        • By the age of three, most children will be able to use pedals to ride a tricycle, run and balance on one foot for one second.
          • By the age of four, children may be able to kick  and throw a large ball
            • By the age of five, they can hop using each foot separately.
              • By the age of six or seven a child may be able to skip and ride a bicycle.
                • By eight years old, they will have good strength and body coordination so that they can take part in many sports and activities.
    • gross motor skills
      • crawling
      • skipping
      • jumping
      • scooting
      • kicking
      • pushing
      • pulling
      • climbing
      • bending
      • coordinating
      • balancing
      • running
      • walking
    • Development of fine motor skills
      • fine motor skills are the ability to control and coordinate smaller movements and muscles such as the movement of hands and fingers
        • By the age of three, children should be able to control their movements enough to use a pencil to copy letters or build a tower of cubes.
          • By the age of five, most children should be able to dress and undress their own, including their own shoelaces.
            • At eight years old, they will have good control of their small muscles and be able to draw detailed pictures.
    • Fine motor skills
      • Manipulating (using small muscles in the fingers to manipulate objects)
        • eating with a knife and fork (cutting own food)
        • dressing yourself (doing up buttons, tying shoelaces)
        • Playing musical intruments
        • playing with toys
      • Gripping (grasping a finger or an object for a short time)
        • eating with a fork and spoon
        • holding toys
        • holding a pencil/pen to draw
        • holding a tricycle handle
      • Hand-eye coordination
        • forming letters to write own name
        • completing a jigsaw
        • blowing nose with a tissue
        • tying shoe laces
        • sewing
        • using scissors

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