Self-Esteem

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  • Physical Activity & Self-Esteem
    • Self-Esteem
      • Self-esteem reflects the degree to which we appraise and value ourselves (Buckworth et al., 2012).
      • It concerns feelings of 'good' about ourselves.
      • As a mental construct it is abstract, not directly observable or measurable, and exists only in the mind of each of us.
      • Other terms to describe self-esteem include self-worth, or self-respect (Blasovich & Tomaka, 1991)
        • Self-esteem also refers to how much we like, or value ourselves. No-one but ourselves know how we truly feel about ourselves.
      • Self-esteem also refers to how much we like, or value ourselves. No-one but ourselves know how we truly feel about ourselves.
    • Self-Concept
      • Our Self-concept is our identity, a mental description/representation of ourselves (Reeve, 2015).  
      • It is information we have gathered about ourselves based on our abilities, qualities, traits, roles in life, and so on (Biddle, Mutrie & Gorely, 2015).  
    • 1) Global Self-Esteem
      • 2) Physical Self-Concept
        • Sports Competence
        • Flexibility
        • Perceived Strength
        • Health
        • Coordination
        • Physical Activity
        • Endurance/Fitness
        • Appearance
      • Positive changes -> increased feelings of physical self-worth
      • More Stable
    • High Self-Esteem (Reeve, 2015)
      • Resilience to stress
      • Positive social adjustment
      • Achievement in education & work
      • Satisfaction with life
      • Healthy behaviours
      • Self-Esteem is one of the strongest predictors of subjective well-being (Diener, 1984)
    • Low Self-Esteem
      • Trait anxiety
      • Depression
      • Sense of hopelessness
      • Low perceived control
      • Mental illness + absence of well-being
      • Lack of assertiveness

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