english language: CLA phonics approach vs whole word approach (reading)

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  • Phonics vs Whole Word
    • systematic teaching of letter (graphemic) and phonemic correspondences. moves from simple (d=/d/) to complex ('gh'= /if/ in rough)
      • learn all phonemes
      • learn how written words are built and spelt
      • long process
      • english spelling system very complex
    • exposure to written text with heavy pictorial support. learns to identify shapes of words without  breaking down into phonemes.
      • allows child to develop using contextual/ textual clues to assist reading.
      • is spelling caught or taught?
      • no real learning system
    • Essex school study 1996: childrens reading age 6/7 months ahead of those not using phonics approach.


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