Characteristics of OCD, drepression and phobias

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  • Phobias, depression and OCD
    • Phobias
      • Symptoms
        • Behavioural
          • Avoidant/ anxiety response
            • Effort is made to avoid feared objects /situations
              • Stop the response occurring
          • Disruption of functioning
            • Responses can stop everyday working due to distraction
        • Emotional
          • Persistent, excessive fear
            • High levels of anxiety due to presence of feared objects or situations
          • Fear from exposure to phobic stimulus
            • Phobias introduce immediate fear response due to presence of phobic object or situation
        • Cognitive
          • Recognition of exaggerated anxiety
            • Phobics consciously aware of overly high anxiety levels
      • Types
        • Simple phobias
          • Specific to a thing or environment
          • Examples
            • Animal eg. arachnophobia (spiders)
            • Injury eg. haematophobi-a (fear of blood)
            • Situational eg. aerophobia (fear of flying)
        • Social phobias
          • Being over anxious in social situations
          • Examples
            • Performance
            • Interaction(meeting with others)
        • Agorophobia
          • Fear of leaving safe place such as home
          • Could be due to fear of social embarrassment
          • Often occurs with panic attacks
      • Phobias are a type of anxiety disorder
        • Irrational , uncontrollableextreme fears which are out of proportion to risk
        • 10% of people suffer at one point in life, with twice as many females
        • Most phobias originate in childhood
    • Depression
      • Unipolar depression
        • no manic periods
        • 25%women and 12% men suffer
        • Don't respond solely to antidepressants
        • Symptoms
          • Behavioural
            • Loss of energy
            • Reduced social interactions
            • Weight dramatically changes
            • Insomnia or oversleeping
            • Poor personal hygiene
          • Emotional
            • Loss of enthusiasm
            • Constant depressed mood (ever present feeling of hopelessness)
            • Feelings of worthlessness
          • Cognitive
            • Delusions and sometimes hallucinations
            • Poor memory
            • Thoughts of death and suicide
            • Lack of concentration
      • Bipolar depression
        • 2% of people suffer from bipolar disorder
        • Also called manic depression
        • Alternating manic episodes
        • Symptoms
          • Emotional
            • Elevated mood states (constant high mood)
            • Irritability (frustrated if they don get their own way)
            • Lack of guilt (social inhibition and no guilt)
          • Cognitive
            • Delusions (delusional and grandiose)
            • Irrational thought processes (irrational thinking and therefore actions)
          • Behavioural
            • Reckless behaviour (risk taking and dangerous)
            • HIgh energy levels (increased output and social interactions)
            • Talkative (fast endless speech)
      • An affective mood disorder, lengthy disturbance of emotions
        • More common in women than men
        • 20% of people will suffer from depression
        • Many adolescences have it due to body dissatisfaction
        • Can run in cycles
        • Leads to suicidal thoughts (60%) suicides due to mood disorders
    • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
      • Type of anxiety disorder
        • Sufferers experience obsessions or compulsions
          • Obsessions are ideas and images leading to anxiety
          • Compulsions are behaviour as a result of obeseeion
        • Most sufferers recognise problem but cant correct it
        • occurs in 2% of population
      • Obsession
        • Symptoms
          • Behavioural
            • Ability to perform everyday activities is hindered
            • Social impairment
          • Emotional
            • Extreme anxiety
          • Cognitive
            • Repeated obsessive thoughts
            • Recognise thoughts and realise inappropriate
        • Common obsessions
          • Contamination
          • Perfectionism
      • Compulsions
        • Common compulsions
          • Excessive cleaning
          • Hoarding
        • Symptoms
          • Behavioural
            • Repetitive behaviours
            • Hinders everyday functioning and social
          • Cognitive
            • Uncontrollable urges
            • Realisation of inappropriateness
          • Emotional
            • Distress

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