Philip II

  • Created by: megalegs
  • Created on: 05-02-19 11:58
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  • Philip II
    • Inheritance
      • Habs war with Val since 1494 invasion of Italy
      • Debt 36 mil ducats
      • Threat of Islam + role defend Christendom
      • Growth of Protestantism
      • The Counter Reformation - need for reform
        • Many parishes no priest/ live in poverty
    • Government
      • Assumed total responsibility for governing (duty to God)
      • Stationary rule - 1561 Madrid permanent capital
      • Issues
        • Unable deal effectively every matter
        • Advisers only have limited knowledge
        • Delays in communication
      • Centralised - special depository set up for gov papers
      • The Conciliar System
        • 1559 Cast nob replace non-Cast nob
          • Resentment, esp from two rival nob families
        • Regional Councils reorganised + made more effective
        • 5 new councils
          • P not attend meetings + each council dealt with ind
            • Info incomplete + inaccurate
      • Juntas
        • Discuss + advise on particular problems
      • Secretaries
        • Intermediaries between P + councils
    • Religion
      • Aims: uphold Cath, reform, use Inq as effective inst of gov, suppress heresy, solve problem of conversos + moriscos, develop relationship with pope
      • Devout
        • Consult rel figures for pol advice
      • Inq - focused on moral education
        • Spanish Index extended, study at foreign unis forbidden
      • The Carranza Affair
        • Archbishop of Toledo accused by Inq
      • Tridentine Decrees
        • 1545 - Council of Trent set up, reinforced Cath doctrine
          • variations in liturgy abolished
          • Reform of bishops + priests
            • No. and power bishops increase
        • Lack leadership necessary ensure
      • Untitled
    • Finance
      • Ends 68 mil ducats
        • Fails achieve greater income over expenditure (war)
          • War outweighs any attempt improve
          • Lack gov investment
      • No communication between Council of War + Finance
      • Disastrous short-term systems

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