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  • Phenomenology
    • According to them, society is a social construct
      • The meanings people give to the world are arbitrary, which they can be challenged, so there is no universal where  everything can be measured
    • Berger (1967)
      • Describes society as being nothing more then a universe of meaning
      • It is very fragile, as it's existence depends on us all sharing the same meanings
        • This means social reality could be easily shattered
          • Therefore, society requires constant legitimization in  order to survive
    • Evaluation
      • Like functionalists, phrenologists tend to see only then positive, uniting function of religion. They ignore how religion can be decisive
      • There are societies that have no widespread single religion, which suggests that religion is not required to constantly legitimate society


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