Peter Stolypin

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  • Peter Stolypin
    • Determined to improve efficiency of Tsarism through conservative reforms and restore law and order after 1905
      • Appointed as Prime Minister by the tsar in 1906
    • 1906-11- Aimed to encourage private ownership for the peasants, put an end to ***** farming (old and inefficient farming method) and reduce the power of the mir (backwards force of peasants who held control over other peasants
      • Peasant Land Bank was created to help peasants leave the commune
        • These reforms had little impact, although they may have worked if given more time
          • Peasants feared reforms all at once
          • Eg Peasants were returning after being moved to Siberia
      • 1907- Redemption payments were abolished (serfs paying for freedom)
      • Encouraged movement of peasants to undeveloped agricultural areas of Siberia
    • Politically
      • Stolypin organised the repression after 1905 revolution
        • Between October 1906 and May 1907- 1144 death sentences were handed out
        • 1906-1912- 1000 newspapers were forced out of circulation
      • Rejected the first two Dumas as being too radical and resulted in "Stolypin's Coup" in 1907, which stated that to earn a place in the Duma you had to be financially and socially sound
        • This reduced the radical elements of the Duma
      • Stolypin worked well with the Third Duma
    • Results
      • The Tsar increasingly disliked Stolypin (he defended the Duma and criticised Rasputin) He was too strong minded and full of reforms for the Tsar
      • Stolypin's reforms could have brought prosperity for the countryside if it had not been for WW!
        • 1906- 45.9m tonnes of grain produced     1913- 61.7m tonnes
        • 1905-20% of peasants owned the land they worked on      1915- 50% did
      • He did little to alleviate the terrible working and living conditions in the cities
      • Political base was weak

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