Peter Stolypin

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  • Peter Stolypin
    • Determined to improve efficiency of Tsarism through conservative reforms and restore law and order after 1905
      • Appointed as Prime Minister by the tsar in 1906
    • 1906-11- Aimed to encourage private ownership for the peasants, put an end to strip farming (old and inefficient farming method) and reduce the power of the mir (backwards force of peasants who held control over other peasants
      • Peasant Land Bank was created to help peasants leave the commune
        • These reforms had little impact, although they may have worked if given more time
          • Peasants feared reforms all at once
          • Eg Peasants were returning after being moved to Siberia
      • 1907- Redemption payments were abolished (serfs paying for freedom)
      • Encouraged movement of peasants to undeveloped agricultural areas of Siberia
    • Politically
      • Stolypin organised the repression after 1905 revolution
        • Between October 1906 and May 1907- 1144 death sentences were handed out
        • 1906-1912- 1000 newspapers were forced out of circulation
      • Rejected the first two Dumas as being too radical and resulted in "Stolypin's Coup" in 1907, which stated that to earn a place in the Duma you had to be financially and socially sound
        • This reduced the radical elements of the Duma
      • Stolypin worked well with the Third Duma
    • Results
      • The Tsar increasingly disliked Stolypin (he defended the Duma and criticised Rasputin) He was too strong minded and full of reforms for the Tsar
      • Stolypin's reforms could have brought prosperity for the countryside if it had not been for WW!
        • 1906- 45.9m tonnes of grain produced     1913- 61.7m tonnes
        • 1905-20% of peasants owned the land they worked on      1915- 50% did
      • He did little to alleviate the terrible working and living conditions in the cities
      • Political base was weak


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