Perspectives of the family

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  • Created by: Lily
  • Created on: 25-04-13 13:30
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  • Perspectives on the Family
    • FUNCTIONALIST
      • MURDOCK "family is universal and serves society"
        • 1. SEXUAL
        • 2. REPRODUCTIVE
        • 3. ECONOMIC
        • 4. EDUCATIONAL
      • PARSONS "the family has lost some of its functions to specialised institutions"
        • 1. PRIMARY SOCIALISATION
        • 2. STABILISATION OF ADULT PERSONALITIES
        • nuclear family = socially & geographically mobile, status is acheieved THE BEST!
        • Sexual division of labour = biological differences
        • CRITICISMS
          • IGNORES conflict, changes & misery
          • Oppression of women, different roles in different societies??
          • Nuclear family = minority, common in pre-industrial
    • MARXISM
      • FAMILY = determined by economy, socialises discipline, supply of new workers, release from alienation, provides consumers.
      • FRIEDRICH ENGELS
        • Organised system of inheritance necessary
        • Monogamy = economy & domination of men
      • CRITICISMS
        • Different societies?
        • Biased, negative, deterministic
        • Presumes the woman stays at home
        • Patriarchy?
    • FEMINIST "male stream"
      • marxist feminist
        • capitalism & patriarchy oppresses
        • "resever army of labour" cheap, temporary workers
        • produce & socialise workers
      • liberal feminist
        • increasing equality through laws & values
      • radical feminist
        • male dominance = biological & physical differences
        • nuclear family based on oppression, "housewife" = oppression
        • in other cultures women are more liberal
      • CRITICISMS
        • negative & assume all families have a male head
        • Racism?
        • Undermine traditional family
    • POSTMODERN
      • PLURALISM & DIVERSITY! NO COMMON FAMILY!
      • greater choice!
      • CRITICISMS
        • dead end?
        • extreme relativism

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