Personality and temperament

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  • Created by: Jack
  • Created on: 02-06-13 17:54
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  • Personality
    • PERSONALITY - the thoughts and feelings that make a person unique
      • TEMPERAMENT - the genetic part of personality
        • STUDIES
          • Thomas, Chess and Birch (1977) - 'easy', 'difficult', 'slow to warm up'.
          • Buss and Plomin (1984) - monozygic and dyzygic twims
          • Kagan and Snidman (1991) - longitudinal study (long-term study) to see if temperament stays the same throughout life.
    • Measuring personality
      • Eysenck's Personality Inventory (EPI)
        • The scale that links neuroticism-stability to extroversion-introversion
        • Eynsenck's Personality Questionnaire (EPQ)
          • Adds psychoticism as another dimension to the EPI.
      • STUDIES
        • Eynseck (1947) - soldiers taking questionnaire
    • Antisocial Behaviour Disorder (ASPD)
      • ASPD makes people less likely to follow the social norms and be inconsiderate of others.
        • Decietful
        • Impulsive
        • Aggressive
        • Irresponsible and careless about safety
        • Insensitivity
        • Biological causes
          • ASPD could be caused by abnormalities in the amygdala and the prefrontal cortex.
          • STUDIES
            • Raine (2000) - scanned 21 people with ASPD and 34 without.
        • Situational causes
          • ASPD could be caused by socioeconomic factors (e.g. poor housing, low family income), quality of life (including parenting) and access to a good education.
          • STUDIES
            • Farrington (1995) - longitudinal study on how socioeconomic factors affect ASPD.
            • Elander (2000) - twins with childhood disorders and interviewed them 10-25 years later.




A very useful mind map which summarises key parts of the personality topic - very handy for visual learners!

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