Periods Of Music

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  • Created by: GrB
  • Created on: 22-09-15 11:40
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  • Periods Of Music
    • Medieval
      • Mainly dominated by church music
      • Gregorian Chant or Plain Chant
        • Monophonic (Only one note sung at a time)
    • Renaissance 1400-1600
      • Still dominated by the church
      • More sophisticated melodies, added harmonies
      • Polyphony
      • Palestrina, Monteverdi and William Byrd
    • Baroque 1600-1750
      • Music becomes much more complex
        • Modulation
        • Structures: binary, ternary, rondo
          • Often contrapuntal
      • Instrumental music becomes much more dominant than vocal music
      • Bach, Handel and Vivaldi
        • No crescendos or diminuendos, only terraced or stepped dynamics
          • Simple harmonies, small chord range, mainly I and V
        • Usually had a basso continuo
      • Composers stop writing Modal
      • Lots of motifs/repetition
      • Lots of Ornaments
    • Classical 1750-1820
      • Music begins to follow strict rules
      • Forms such as the sonata, concerto and symphony become more defined
        • Fewer ornaments
          • Piano becomes popular,more so than the harpsichord, clarinet is invented, orchestras get bigger
        • Subtle dynamics, changes were gradual not sudden
      • Mozart, Haydn, Schubert and Beethoven
        • Tunes were very balanced and usually have four bar phrases (two bar question, 2 bar answer
    • Romantic 1820-1900
      • Music begins to break away from classical strictness
        • A lot of music is based on poems and paintings or inspired by emotions such as happiness and grief, supernatural ideas also influence many composers
          • Untitled
        • A wide range of dynamics are used with lots of sudden changes, sforzandos and accents are also commonly used
          • More tempo changes and use of rubato
          • Extra notes added to chords such as 7ths, 9ths, 11ths and 13ths. These create dissonance to show emotions such as pain and misery
          • Composers often used folk tunes and dance rhythms from their homelands
        • Very technically difficult music
      • Music is more expressive and emotional
        • More performance directions are used
      • Brahms, Schumann, Tchaikovsky and Wagner
    • 20th Century
      • Music no longer had any rules
      • Bartok, Stravinsky, Prokofiev and Ravel


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