Performance Enhancing Drugs

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  • Performance Enhancing Drugs
    • Anabolic Steroids
      • Mimics testosterone and increase protein synthesis - develops lean muscle mass. They are also taken to speed up recovery time after injuries.
      • Can lead to infertility in women due to high testosterone levels. Increased aggression and growth of facial hair can also occur. Chronic heart disease and liver damage are the most dangerous side effects.
      • Anabolic Steroids are used by athletes in HIGH POWER sports.
        • Weight lifting
        • Shot putt
        • Sprint
    • Beta Blockers
      • Designed to help high blood pressure through blocking the adrenaline. Helps the user to calm down through inducing a calming effect.
      • Used by performers in PRECISION sports
        • Golf
        • Diving
        • Archery
      • Since they slow heart rate, oxygen delivery is also decreased. This means that they have an adverse effect in endurance effects. Sleep disturbance also occurs, leading to fatigue.
    • Diuretics
      • Increases the rate of urination, allowing the body to flush out other banned substances.
      • Use can lead to dehydration, nausea and headaches due to loss of so much water and kidney/heart failure.
      • Used as an advantage in sports that include WEIGHT CLASSES.
        • Boxing
        • Equestrian Jockies
        • Wrestling
    • Narcotic Analgesics
      • Narcotic analgesics are drugs which suppress the effect of painful stimuli, thus reliving pain.
      • Further damage to injuries can occur since the user is oblivious to the pain of the injury. Other side effects include nausea, depression, addiction and concentration loss.
      • These are often used by people who wish to CONTINUE TRAINING even though they're injured.
        • Swimming
        • Football
        • Boxing
    • Stimulants
      • Improve the user's mood temporarily. They increase brain activity and thus make the user seem as if they have more energy.
      • Can cause heart rate irregularities and insomnia. This insomnia can also lead to a heightened aggression.
      • Used in sports where aggression  is required.
        • Ice Hockey
        • Rugby
        • Judo
      • Can also be used in sports where the user needs to stay ALERT for long periods of time.
        • Long-Distance Cycling
        • Baseball
        • Tennis
    • Peptide Hormones
      • Human Growth Hormone (HGH)
        • Arthritis and diabetes are two examples of side effects which have been reported. However, heart failure is one of the biggest risks surrounding HGH.
        • Used in sports where STRENGTH is required
          • Sprinting
          • Weight Lifting
          • Wrestling
      • Erythropoietin (EPO)
        • Can help to increase red blood cell production, directly increasing the amount of oxygen in the blood flow which gets to working muscles.
        • Increased thickness of blood, which can lead to blood clotting and heightened blood pressure. This also creates a higher risk of having a heart attack.
        • Sports where an INCREASE IN OXYGEN would be beneficial.
          • Long-Distance Cycling
          • Distance Running
          • Rugby




Very useful resource! I love the colour coordination 

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