People's Health Summary

  • Created by: Katsy
  • Created on: 31-05-18 11:37
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  • People's Health (1250-1500) Period Summary
    • Living Conditions
      • Peasants often lived with their animals
      • Streets had open sewers which attracted pests and diseases
      • Most water was contaminated with waste and excretions
      • People were living with dung right outside their house
      • Some rural areas had fresh water running near them
      • Carts that transported food were also used to move rubbish
      • Poor people were forced to eat food that had already gone bad
      • Carcasses were dumped in the rivers instead of being disposed of properly
    • Epidemics
      • People were dying from the Black Death
        • Could either be: bubonic, septicemic or pneumonic
      • Caused by Yersinia Pestis in the stomach of fleas
        • The flea the bites people and regurgitates the bacteria back into the person's blood
      • Most infections result in death
      • People immediately turned to God because they thought he caused it as a punishment
      • Punished themselves (whipping) so God didn't have to punish them
      • Drained blood from their bodies to keep the '4 humours' in balance
      • Thought bad smells caused sickness (miasma)
        • Burned barrels of tar and kept sweet smelling flowers with them
    • Improvements
      • Laws were created to keep the streets clear
      • Butchers and skinners were moved to the suburbs
      • Guilds were created to check the quality of foods
      • Roads were paved
      • New water pipes were laid and some were extended
      • New jobs were created
        • Rakers were employed to clean streets
        • A warden was employed to check river banks and streets for rubbish
      • Temporarily closed public baths during the Black Death
      • Citizens were shamed for dumping rubbish in the streets


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