Contemporary Health Study: Pengpid et al. (2013)

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  • Pengpid et al. (2013)
    • aim
      • To investigate the effectiveness of brief interventions in reducing alcohol intake.
    • participants
      • Adult outpatients to a South African hospital.
      • 1419 people completed the AUDIT questionnaire.
      • 392 of them were identified as having a harmful alcohol use so went on to be allocated into two groups.
      • they were given money for transport to attend the follow up sessions.
    • procedure
      • 1419 participants were given the AUDIT questionnaire to screen their alcohol usage over 16 months.
        • the 1419 all completed a consent form.
        • a second researcher scored the AUDIT.
      • 392 of the participants were identified as having a harmful alcohol usage so went on.
        • men scored 8-19, women scored 7-19.
        • people who scored over 19 weren't selected due to the severity of their alcohol use.
      • the 392 participants were then split in half by the second researcher and randomly assigned to the two groups: the control group or experimental group.
        • the experimental group were given a twenty minute counselling session on excessive drinking, personal feedback on AUDIT results and a health education leaflet.
        • the control group was given a health education leaflet on responsible drinking.
      • the participants were offered a 6 and a 12 month follow-up session where they were reassessed by researcher one with the AUDIT.
        • 282 (72%) of the participants attended the 12 month follow-up session.
    • results
      • mean AUDIT scores
        • baseline
          • control: 11.3
          • exp: 12.7
        • 12 months
          • control: 7.3
          • exp: 7.2
        • 6 months
          • control:6.3
          • exp: 7
      • there was a statistically significant reduction in scores for both groups over time.
      • there was little difference in the scored of each group, showing that either intervention had an equal effect.
    • conclusions
      • health education can create a behavioural change in those with harmful drinking habits.
      • undergoing alcohol screening and being given health information can cause a reduction in drinking.

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